Land Laws, Ownership and Tribal Identity: The Manipur Experience

Chapter

Abstract

The Manipur Land Reform and Land Revenue Act, 1960 is extended to the whole valley but applies only to a negligible portion of the hill area. Over the years, the state government of Manipur has attempted to pass several land laws with certain amendments and the recent one being the New Land Use Policy, 2014. Each time the state government attempts to do so it reinstates ethnic polarisation and intensified conflicts within the state. The introduction of any legislation such as land tenure in the hill areas is seen with suspicion and considers being destructive to tribal land ownership system based on traditional customary laws. Popular perception is that such a law will not only erode the traditional polity but also marginalise the tribals and alienate them from their ownership and possession of the land. This chapter examines the issues and problems that revolve around land laws and policies and attempts to explain why such position has been imbibed among the tribal people affecting their political, economic and social development drawn largely from fieldwork conducted during 2009 and 2011.

Keywords

Hill areas Land regulations Land ownership Manipur Tribal people Tribal identity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiIndia

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