Vanadium (V) was discovered in the year 1801 by Manuel del Rio, Mexico City, in lead ore, and was named erythronium by him. In 1805 a French chemist, Collet-Descostils, declared that erythronium was nothing but impure chromium. In 1830, Sefstrom found what he thought was an unrecognized metal in the iron ores of Taberg, Sweden, and named it vanadium, in honour of the Scandinavian goddess Vanadis, because of its beautiful multicoloured compounds. Roscoe’s silver-white powder was first produced in 1967 by hydrogen reduction of vanadium chloride (VCl2). This was probably the first nearly pure vanadium metal.