Part of the Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering book series (TMMME)


Manganese (Mn) is an element of the 7th Group of the Periodic Table (Fig.  1.1). The earth’s crust contains 0.09% Mn which is 12th in occurrence among the elements. Manganese is not found in elementary state in nature and occurs only in the form of compounds with other elements; these are mainly oxides, carbonates and silicates.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Technology and EngineeringThe Maharaja Sayajirao University of BarodaVadodaraIndia

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