Benign Esophageal Tumors

  • Kyung Sik ParkEmail author


During endoscopy, various benign esophageal lesions are encountered in the esophagus. Most are asymptomatic and have no malignant potential. These various benign lesions can originate from different layers of the esophagus. According to their origin, esophageal tumors can be classified as epithelial and subepithelial tumors (SETs) (Table 5.1). Papilloma is the most common epithelial tumor in the esophagus and shows small, whitish-pink, wartlike exophytic projections on endoscopy. Although SETs originating from the superficial layers of the esophageal wall can present with characteristic endoscopic findings such as yellowish, molar tooth-shaped appearance in granular cell tumor, the lesions originating from deep layers such as leiomyoma or gastrointestinal stromal tumor also show similar morphology on endoscopy and even on endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). Therefore, sometimes it is difficult to determine the histological origin of the tumors endoscopically. In this chapter, endoscopic findings of various types of benign esophageal tumors will be discussed with examples.



Special thanks to Prof. Jun Haeng Lee for providing wonderful photos.


  1. 1.
    Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Atlas of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 1st ed. Seoul: Daehan Medical Book; 2011.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rice TW. Benign esophageal tumors: esophagoscopy and endoscopic esophageal ultrasound. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003;15:20–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Classen M, Tytgat GNJ, Lightdale CJ. Gastroenterological endoscopy. 2nd ed. London: Thieme; 2010.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bernat M, Strutynska-Karpinska M, Lewandowski A, et al. Benign esophageal tumors. Wiad Lek. 1993;46:24–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wiechowski S, Filipiak K, Walecka A, et al. Benign intramural esophageal tumors. Pol Tyg Lek. 1979;34:1871–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine, Dongsan Medical CenterKeimyung University College of MedicineDaeguSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations