A Cognitive Approach to Design of Habitats in Extraterrestrial Environments: Review of Literature

  • Biswaksen PatnaikEmail author
Conference paper


A desire to explore space coupled with an advancing technology has made mankind undertake longer space missions. The confined, isolated, extreme (ICE) environments in the extraterrestrial atmosphere not only affect human performance but also pose adverse effects to emotional and psychological health. Such spaces greatly affect human behavior, productivity and inter-group relationship. With the advent of long duration extraterrestrial travel, the internal environment of the habitat will be of greater importance as compared to short-term missions. This paper describes the effects of ICE environments and various methodologies to cope with them. Cognitive approaches to the design of habitable surroundings have been considered by incorporating various simple yet powerful elements of design such as art, color, shape and form and visual aesthetics. Based on these elements various mitigation strategies, which also include various forms of stress countermeasures, to avoid sensory deprivation and psychological challenges have been portrayed. Various novel strategies such as incorporation of space architecture, aesthetics, soundscape design and nature relatedness have been discussed in tackling problems of ICE environments.


Extraterrestrial ICE Space architecture Soundscape design Microgravity Human factors Habitability 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial DesignNational Institute of Technology RourkelaRourkelaIndia

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