Biodegradable, Renewable, and Eco-friendly Vegetable Oil: Lubricants

  • Dhorali Gnanasekaran
  • Venkata Prasad Chavidi
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


The environmental pollution, toxicity, and rising cost of conventional lubricants lead to renewed awareness in the improvement of environmentally friendly bio-lubricants. Due to the negative impact (low biodegradability and more toxicity of mineral and synthetic) on the environment, there has been a stable increase in the demand for biodegradable and eco-friendly bio-lubricants. Perhaps, mineral oils pollute the atmospheric air, soil, and drinking water and disturb people’s life and plants to a greater level. However, the major problem leads to the exhaustion of the world’s crude oil, increasing crude oil prices, and problems connected to preservation have brought about renewing or reusing awareness in the use of biodegradable lubricants. Definitely, oils of natural ester are capable as a base stock for environmentally friendly bio-lubricants due to its lubricity, biodegradation capability, viscosity vs. temperature characteristics, low evaporation capacity, etc. The chapter covers the biodegradable mechanism, toxicity ration, and eco-friendly natures of natural esters of vegetable oils.


Vegetable oil Biodegradation Bio-lubricants Eco-friendly Nontoxic Base stocks 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhorali Gnanasekaran
    • 1
  • Venkata Prasad Chavidi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dielectric Materials DivisionCentral Power Research InstituteBengaluruIndia

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