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Reindeer Herding and Environmental Change in Reindeer Herding Regions of the Sakha Republic: Comparison with the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District

  • Atsushi YoshidaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Global Environmental Studies book series (GENVST)

Abstract

I investigated the influence of global warming or climate change on the indigenous peoples of Siberia, especially reindeer herders. Historically, despite problematic management systems (governmental, municipal, or private), these indigenous peoples have adapted to various natural and social changes. This chapter reports on field research into nomadic summer and winter camps in reindeer herding regions (specifically, the villages of Olenek and Sebyan-Kyuelj) of the Sakha Republic, with comparison to West-Siberian Yamal-Nenets reindeer herders. This was accomplished by direct interviews with herders and local administrative and enterprise executives. Some informants told of direct or indirect influences of meteorological change, but most were unaware of change in vegetation for reindeer forage or noted little influence of climate changes. I detected recent vegetation change around the herding camps for pasture conditions by examining normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) images. Using this method even over short periods, one could detect certain anomalies of vegetation productivity. However, it was difficult to discern the meaning of such anomalies and verify their cause and effect. In future research into the influence of climatic change on the indigenous peoples of Siberia, we must consider its natural and social implications.

Keywords

Reindeer herding Climate change Sakha Yamal-Nenets NDVI Vulnerability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I greatly appreciate the assistance of Dr. K. Yamamoto, Nagoya University for providing NDVI images of various regions in Siberia. I also deeply thank the herders and administrative executives of Sebyan-Kyuelj and Olenek villages for advice and support to this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LettersChiba UniversityChibaJapan

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