Design and Investigation of Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

There is a huge potential of solar energy available in India. For converting solar energy into heat and thermal energy, two technological routes are possible. Solar photovoltaic and solar thermal routes are viable to harness solar energy. Solar thermal power are based on the principle of focussing suns energy and transforming it into high temperature heat for producing steam which can further be beneficial in generating electricity using conventional power cycles. Based on literature survey, it has been found that parabolic trough technology is the most promising and low-cost technology. In this study, an attempt has been made to carry out an optical analysis for sizing of parabolic trough concentrator. Further performance of the designed parabolic trough with hot water generation system has been investigated experimentlly. The maximum value of performance parameter is observed around noon, when the solar beam radiation is its maximum. It has been observed that variation in solar radiation and wind velocity influence average receiver temperature. The study may be useful for future studies in order to investigate the effect of other parameters on performance of parabolic trough collectors.

Keywords

Solar thermal Solar photovoltaic Solar power Parabolic trough solar concentrator Conventional power cycles 

References

  1. 1.
    A. Fernandez-Garcia, E. Zarza, L. Valenzuela, M. Prez, Parabolic trough solar collector and their applications. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 14, 1695–1721 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.A. Kalogirou, Solar thermal collector and applications. Progress in energy combustion. Science 30, 231–295 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.A. Kalogirou, Parabolic trough collector system for low temperature steam generation design and performance characteristics. Appl. Energy 55, 1–19 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E.A. Mohamed, Designing and testing of solar parabolic concentrating collector. J. Renew. Energy Power Qual. (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Thomas, V. Guven, Parabolic trough design construction and evaluation. J. Energy Procedia 34, 401–416 (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.K. Islam, M. Hasanuzzaman, N.A. Rahim, Modelling and analysis the different parameter on a parabolic trough concentrating solar system (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Zhang, Q. Zhong-Zhu, L. Peng, G. Wenwer, L. Qiming, H. Jia, Calculating the Optimum Tilt Angle for Parabolic Solar Trough Concentrator with the North-south Tilt Tracking Mode (IEEE, 2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.M. Valancia, J.R. Avila, O.A. Jasamillo, J.O. Aguilar, Design construction and evaluation of parabolic trough collector as demonstrative prototype. Energy Procedia 57, 989–998 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.G. Tayade, R.E. Thombre, S. Dutt, Performance evaluation of parabolic trough. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 5, 2250–3153 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Sulaiman, N. Abdullah, B. Singh, A simulated design and analysis of a solar thermal parabolic trough concentrator. Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol. (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Kumar, S. Chand, A.O. Umraov, Design and analysis for 1 MWe parabolic trough solar collector plant based on DSG method. Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol. (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Duffie, W. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Process (Wiley, New York, 2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alternate Hydro Energy CentreIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

Personalised recommendations