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Advances Is Mesenchymal Stem Cell Application for Cardiovascular Disease Treatment

  • Tomasz JadczykEmail author
  • Ewa Bryndza Tfaily
  • Sachin Mishra
  • Marek Jędrzejek
  • Marta Bołoz
  • Parasuraman Padmanabhan
  • Wojciech Wojakowski
  • Zdeněk Stárek
  • Sylvain Martel
  • Balázs Gulyás
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

Novel strategies are developed to optimize MSC function. Among them genetic modification is a promising solution to improve cell survival/engraftment after transplantation as well as to enhance cardioprotective function. Following genetic modification are described: Bcl-2, CREG, Hsp20, Akt, PI3K-2α, ILK, periostin, CXCR4, TNFR, Ang1, VEGF, Wnt11. HO-1, GSK-3β, IGF-1, SDF-1, GATA-4. Pharmacological optimization or preconditioned media are also investigated to overcome current limitation in stem cell therapy. Pharmacological agent pretreatment strategy covered in this chapter includes application of diazoxide, estradiol, lysophosphatidic acid, lovastatin, oxytocin, phorbol myristate acetate, tadalafil, trimetazidine. Cytokine and growth factor pretreatment discussed below includes stromal-derived factor 1 alpha, angiopoietin-1, insulin-like growth factor-1, transforming growth factor-α, bone morphogenetic protein-2, fibroblast growth factor-2 and insulin-like growth factor-1 cocktail, interleukin-1β and transforming growth factor-β combination. Moreover, application of including injectable hydrogels are presented including cell containing injectable biomaterials, acellular scaffolds with incorporated bio-agents, and co-application of cells and bio-agents

Keywords

Mesenchymal stem cells Genetically modified stem cells Pharmacologically optimized stem cells Injectable hydrogels 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomasz Jadczyk
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ewa Bryndza Tfaily
    • 2
  • Sachin Mishra
    • 3
  • Marek Jędrzejek
    • 4
  • Marta Bołoz
    • 5
  • Parasuraman Padmanabhan
    • 6
  • Wojciech Wojakowski
    • 7
  • Zdeněk Stárek
    • 8
  • Sylvain Martel
    • 9
  • Balázs Gulyás
    • 10
  1. 1.Third Division of CardiologyMedical University of SilesiaKatowicePoland
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Lee Kong Chian School of MedicineNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Third Division of CardiologyMedical University of SilesiaKatowicePoland
  5. 5.Third Division of CardiologyMedical University of SilesiaKatowicePoland
  6. 6.Lee Kong Chian School of MedicineNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  7. 7.Third Division of CardiologyMedical University of SilesiaKatowicePoland
  8. 8.1st Department of Internal Medicine/Cardioangiology, International Clinical Research CenterSt. Anne’s University HospitalBrnoCzech Republic
  9. 9.NanoRobotics Laboratory, Department of Computer and Software Engineering, Institute of Biomedical EngineeringPolytechnique MontréalMontrealCanada
  10. 10.Lee Kong Chian School of MedicineNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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