Etiology of Chronic Pancreatitis

  • Raffaele Pezzilli


Alcohol is one of the factors frequently associated with chronic pancreatitis; its frequency is lower than that previously reported and heavy alcohol consumption and smoking habit are two independent risk factors for this disease. Autoimmune pancreatitis accounts for 2–4% of all forms of chronic pancreatitis, but this frequency will probably increase over the next few years. There has also been a rise in idiopathic chronic pancreatitis around the world. Despite the progress made to date regarding the discovery of the hereditary forms of chronic pancreatitis and the detection of autoimmune pancreatitis, there are more inaccuracies in identifying the factors associated with chronic pancreatitis.


Cohort studies Combined modality therapy Data collection Genetics Pancreatitis Alcoholic Chronic Population 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Digestive SystemSant’Orsola-Malpighi HospitalBolognaItaly

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