Indonesia in the Asia Pacific Energy Market
- 302 Downloads
Asia Pacific region will continue playing an important role in the global energy market. It can be indicated not only in the increase in energy consumption and the growing population, but also its rapid economic development in the region. However, the increasing energy demand in the Asia Pacific is heavily on fossil-based energy resources. Through examining five countries in the region, this chapter aims to scrutinize the energy situation of each countries and how their needs on energy lead to cooperation and conflict . It finds that the increasing roles of the Asia Pacific countries, being consumers, producers, importers, and exporters for these energy sources, means that their presence in the world energy market is of high importance. Their involvements will eventually affect not only the availability and stability of the world energy prices, but also the opportunities for cooperation and competition among them. The common interests for energy supply security become a strong reason for the countries to have cooperation rather than competition or conflict.
KeywordsAsia pacific Energy market Energy consumption Energy production
- APERC. (2011). APEC energy overview 2010. Singapura: APEC Secretariat.Google Scholar
- Asian Development Bank. (2009). Energy outlook for Asia and the Pacific. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: ADB.Google Scholar
- Atje, R. (2005). Energy security dan kerja sama bidang energi di Asia Timur. Paper presented at the Discussion on Kerja Sama Energi di Asia Timur dalam Kerangka East Asia Summit (EAS). Jakarta: BPPK-CEACoS.Google Scholar
- BP. (2006). BP statistical review of world energy. London: BP.Google Scholar
- BP. (2011). BP statistical review of world energy 2011. London: BP.Google Scholar
- Director General of Oil and Gas, The Ministry of Energy and Minerals Resources of the Republic of Indonesia. (2010). Indonesian energy statistics leaflet. Jakarta: ESDM.Google Scholar
- Downs, E. (2006). China. The brookings foreign policy studies energy security series. Google Scholar
- EIA. (2010). India energy data, statistics and analysis–oil, gas, electricity. Retrieved from http://www.eia.doe.gov. Accessed on November 9, 2011.
- FACTS Global Energy. (2006). FACTS global energy database. Honolulu: Facts Global Energy.Google Scholar
- Herberg, M. (2011, February 21–23). Natural gas in Asia: History and prospects. Paper presented at the 2011 Pacific Energy Summit. Jakarta.Google Scholar
- IEA. (2010). World energy outlook 2010. Paris: IEA.Google Scholar
- IEA. (2011a). Coal information. Paris: IEA.Google Scholar
- IEA. (2011b). Energy balances of non-OECD countries. Paris: IEA.Google Scholar
- Kiesow, I. (2008). The global race for oil and gas: Power politics and principles in Asia. ASIA PAPER. Sweden: Institute for Security and Development Policy.Google Scholar
- Liao, X. (2006). The petroleum factor in Sino-Japanese relations: Beyond energy cooperation. International Relations of the Asia Pacific, 7(1), 23–46.Google Scholar
- Sutoyo, S. (2005). Diplomasi dan keamanan energi Indonesia. Jurnal Luar Negeri, 22(2). BPPK-Deplu RI.Google Scholar
- Tebin, P. (2011). South China Sea: A new geopolitical node. Asia Times Online. Retrieved from http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/MJ14Ae01.html. Accessed on November 23, 2011.
- The Institute of Energy Economics. (2011, March 23). Impacts of East Japan great earthquake on oil supply and demand. Jepang: IEEJ.Google Scholar
- Tofani, R. (2011). Competition deepens in the South China Sea. Asia Times Online. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/MK03Ae01.html. Diunduh November 23, 2011.
- Toichi, T. (2006, March 20–21). Energy cooperation and competition between Japan, China, and US. A Speech script delivered at the Ninth Meeting of China-Japan-US Trilateral Dialogue, Beijing.Google Scholar
- Tong, O. (2009). Energy trading and Singapore’s role as a hub. In S. T. Devare (Ed.), A new energy frontier: The Bay of Bengal region. ISEAS: Singapura.Google Scholar
- UNFPA. (2011). State of world population. New York: UNFPA.Google Scholar
- US Energy Information Administration. (2010). International energy outlook 2011. Washington: US Department of Energy.Google Scholar
- Wesley, M. (2006). Energy security in Asia. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Wu, K., Brown, J. G., & Siddiqi, T. A. (2007). The Asia Pacific energy dilemma. In F. Fesharaki & K. Wu (Eds.), Asia’s energy future: Regional dynamics and global implications. Honolulu: East-West Center.Google Scholar