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Quorum Quenching Compounds from Natural Sources

  • G. Seghal Kiran
  • Saqib Hassan
  • Arya Sajayan
  • Joseph Selvin
Chapter

Abstract

Quorum sensing is a process of bacterial communication system wherein the production and secretion of small signaling molecules known as autoinducers enables the bacteria to express specific genes at particular population densities. Quorum quenching (QQ) can be used as an alternative approach to regulate pathogenicity. Well-established QQ strategies include amide bond hydrolysis, lactone hydrolysis, paraoxonase enzymes, and QQ modification of acyl chain. Plants in general lack advanced immune systems, and may have evolved to produce QQ compounds to combat with plant invading pathogens. Most common sources of QQ compounds in marine environment are bacteria, fungi, algae, bryozoan, corals, and sponges. Marine cyanobacteria have become one among the best source for obtaining biologically active and structurally unique QQ natural products. QQ compounds are being innovated as alternatives of antibiotics to treat pathogenic infections. Marine ecosystem is a unique and unexplored hotspot for the development of new derivatives of potential QQ compounds.

Keywords

Quorum Quenching Biofilm Motility Virulence Signalling molecules 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Seghal Kiran
    • 1
  • Saqib Hassan
    • 2
  • Arya Sajayan
    • 1
  • Joseph Selvin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and TechnologyPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, School of Life SciencesPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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