Antimicrobials from Microbes

  • Dileep FrancisEmail author


Microorganisms are potential sources of antimicrobial substances, including antiseptics, disinfectants and antibiotics, used to prevent the growth and spread of harmful microbes. Most of the antimicrobials produced by microorganisms are secondary metabolites. The antimicrobials produced by microorganisms fall under chemical classes like Polyketides, terpenes, shikimates, peptides and alkaloids. Microorganisms differ in their potential to produce antimicrobial substances. Bacteria that belong to the genus Streptomyces, Bacillus and Pseudomonas are prolific producers of antimicrobials. Myxobacteria and filamentous fungi are also producers of important antimicrobials among other prokaryotes. The development of drug-resistant bacteria has resulted in the search for novel antimicrobials from hitherto untapped microbial sources such as uncultured bacteria.


Antimicrobials Secondary metabolites Antimicrobial resistance Antibiotics Lantibiotics Pyocins Polyketides Teixobactin 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, School of Life SciencesKannur UniversityKannurIndia

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