Status of Soil Pollution in India

  • Jayanta K. Saha
  • Rajendiran Selladurai
  • M. Vassanda Coumar
  • M. L. Dotaniya
  • Samaresh Kundu
  • Ashok K. Patra
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 10)


Industrial sector in India is witnessing rapid growth since the last decade of twentieth century with reforms in economic laws and with establishment of special economic zones (SEZ). Such rapid industrial growth has also increased threat to the environment. In spite of great difficulty in its remediation in comparison with polluted air and water, soil pollution as a threat to human life is by and large ignored at national level in India due to lack of comprehensive information on the subject. Though coordinated effort on assessment of soil pollution is absent at national level, sporadic information has been generated by several researchers on various aspects of pollution affecting soil quality. This chapter analyses these information and attempts to assess the quantum of threat being faced by agroecosystem in the country. It indicates that soil resources are facing threats from deliberate use of contaminated organics, amendment materials and irrigation water or from atmospheric depositions, spillage of effluents etc. Nature pollutants varies from salts, toxic metals, metalloids, persistent organics with varying degree of toxicity and may be of both industrial and geogenic origins.


Soil Pollution India Heavy metals Groundwater Organic pollutants Salinity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jayanta K. Saha
    • 1
  • Rajendiran Selladurai
    • 1
  • M. Vassanda Coumar
    • 1
  • M. L. Dotaniya
    • 1
  • Samaresh Kundu
    • 1
  • Ashok K. Patra
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Environmental Soil ScienceIndian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia

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