Scaffolding Social Support Amongst the Fresher Students Through Mapping Activities

  • Arniza GhazaliEmail author
Conference paper


Mapping activities (coded as PIT2 and PIT3) as means of transferring learning autonomy to students were implemented and evaluated to understand the way learning of the fresher students in the second semester of their first year in the Bachelor of Technology in BPC (Bioresource, Paper and Coatings) programme was affected. The observed initial tendency of clicking only with classmates of the same ethinicity was severe and the group of learners is thus, hereby addressed as ‘stiff community’. To rectify the situation, the performed PIT3 mapping activities allocating an equal opportunity for students to participate by filling up numbered blank ovals, witnessed intensive interaction across the ethnic groups. Instructor’s deliberation suggests the effectiveness of PIT3 as an indirect instruction to rapport and improvement in the social support. The findings, which are in 100% agreement with students’ self report (SSR), moreover demonstrate the function of mapping activities in reinforcing students’ cognitive engagement through selection of keywords representing the principal idea that learners use in their own exploration of the learning materials. Besides acting as points triggering curiosity, keywords allow transfer of greater learning autonomy to students. The un-stiffening phenomenon from PIT3, which better prepared students for PIT2—verbal description of co-constructed map, in turn, supports learning via good relationship, teamwork and sustainability of performance throughout the academic year. Moving from the desirable scaffold social impact, the applied modes of mapping activity are potentially the seed initiative to inculcate the attributes for global citizenship in any other learning setting.


Social Cognitive-engagement Thinking-classroom Mapping 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiti Sains MalaysiaGeorge TownMalaysia

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