Skip to main content

Rubber Hand Illusion Using Tactile Projector

  • 1465 Accesses

Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE,volume 432)


In this paper, we inspect a new rubber hand illusion (RHI) which uses invisible haptic feedback by using an airborne ultrasound tactile display (AUTD). RHI is an illusion that a subject misunderstands the ownership of his/her body. When a subject is given tactile stimulation on his/her hand without visual cues and fake hands visually stimulated at the same time, the subject feels as if the fake rubber hand is his/her real hand. In general, occurrence of RHI is promoted by hiding subject’s hand. In this paper, we assume that invisible tactile stimulation by AUTD can make RHI stronger without hiding a real hand. We use a tactile projector system that combines both invisible AUTD stimulus and a visible projected image. We show that this configuration enhances RHI.


  • Rubber hand illusion
  • Airborne ultrasound tactile display

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-4157-0_7
  • Chapter length: 6 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   219.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-981-10-4157-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   279.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   279.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5


  1. Dalley, S.A., Varol, H.A., Goldfarb, M.: A method for the control of multigrasp myoelectric prosthetic hands. IEEE Trans. Neural Syst. Rehab. Eng. 20(1), 58–67 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Botvinick, M., Cohen, J.: Rubber hands ‘feel’ touch that eyes see. Nature 391, 6699 (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Arvid, G., et al.: The illusion of owning a third arm, PLoS One (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Hoshi, T., Takahashi, M., Iwamoto, T., Shinoda, H.: Noncontact tactile display based on radiation pressure of airborne ultrasound. IEEE Trans. Haptics 3(3), 155–165 (2010)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI 15H05315, 15K12073 and JST ACCEL Embodied Media Project.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yuuki Horiuchi .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this paper

Cite this paper

Horiuchi, Y., Odani, K., Makino, Y., Shinoda, H. (2018). Rubber Hand Illusion Using Tactile Projector. In: Hasegawa, S., Konyo, M., Kyung, KU., Nojima, T., Kajimoto, H. (eds) Haptic Interaction. AsiaHaptics 2016. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, vol 432. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-10-4156-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-10-4157-0

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)