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Clinical Manifestations of ITP in Children

  • Yukihiro TakahashiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Most cases of idiopathic thrombocytopenic immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) in children occur before 5 years old, show spontaneous remission under careful observation, and resolve with the use of first-line treatments such as steroids or high-dose immunoglobulin. ITP often develops after viral or bacterial infection, or after vaccination. Severe bleeding symptoms and severe thrombocytopenia (<20 × 109/L) are rare but often become refractory. Second-line treatments such as rituximab and thrombopoietin receptor agonists have recently been used for ITP in children, in place of splenectomy. An objective ITP-bleeding assessment score seems necessary for management guidelines and selection of objective treatment in the future.

Keywords

Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Platelet Production International Working Group Bleeding Symptom Antiplatelet Antibody 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nara Medical UniversityKashiharaJapan
  2. 2.Japanese Red Cross Nara Blood CenterYamato KoriyamaJapan

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