Dementia is a symptom complex where in memory loss is the main symptom. This is commonly seen in the elderly. Care of patients with dementia is unique and challenging. This is mostly because dementia does not have a cure and takes a protracted course. In addition to supporting the cognitive needs of the patient, caregivers need to adjust to and contain the varied behavioral abnormalities of these patients. Since many medicines used in these frail elderly are more injurious than curative, non-pharmacologic management is the preferred treatment. In this context, caring for elderly patients becomes very important. Through proper care, many of the problems warranting drug administration can be handled without drugs. To achieve this, the caregiver should have a proper understanding of the disease. Since taking care of dementia is a difficult task, physical and mental health of the caregiver also has to be taken care of.
KeywordsDementia Caregiver Pharmacologic management Non-pharmacologic management Day care center Thiruvananthapuram model
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