Advertisement

Asian versus Western Modes of Foreign Aid

  • Barbara Stallings
  • Eun Mee Kim
Chapter
Part of the Development Cooperation and Non-Traditional Security in the Asia-Pacific book series (DCNTSAP)

Abstract

The first chapter provides the framework for the book. While most analysts focus on the differences between traditional and emerging donors, we argue that a more important distinction is between East Asian donors and their Western counterparts. Asian donors—Japan, South Korea, and China—demonstrate a particular approach to aid that draws on their own developmental successes. The first section of the chapter reviews the literature on traditional (Western), emerging, and Asian donors and introduces a set of propositions that will be examined in the book. The second presents data on aid flows from East Asian and Western donors. The third focuses on differences between East Asian aid to recipients in the Asian region itself and elsewhere, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. The final section previews the rest of the book.

References

  1. ADB (2007a) ADF X (2009–2012): Role and Priorities (Manila: ADB).Google Scholar
  2. ADB (2007b) Toward a New Asian Development Bank in a New Asia: Report of the Eminent Persons Group to the President of the Asian Development Bank (Manila: ADB).Google Scholar
  3. ADB (2008) Emerging Asian Regionalism: A Partnership for Shared Prosperity (Manila: ADB).Google Scholar
  4. Amsden, A. (1989) Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization (New York: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  5. Arase, D. (1995) Buying Power: The Political Economy of Japan’s Foreign Aid (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner).Google Scholar
  6. Brautigam, D. (2011; first published 2009) The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa (New York: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  7. Chandy, L. (2012) New in Town: A Look at the Role of Emerging Donors in an Evolving Aid System (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution).Google Scholar
  8. China State Council (2011) China’s Foreign Aid (Beijing: Information Office, State Council).Google Scholar
  9. China State Council (2014) China’s Foreign Aid (2014) (Beijing: Information Office, State Council).Google Scholar
  10. Coleman, I. (2013) Emerging Voices: Callan, Blak, and Thomas on the Landscape of Emerging Aid Donors (New York: Council on Foreign Relations).Google Scholar
  11. Davies, P. (2007) China and the End of Poverty in Africa – Toward Mutual Benefit? (Bromma, Sweden: Diakonia and Eurodad).Google Scholar
  12. Dreher, A., P. Nunnenkamp, and R. Thiele (2011) ‘Are “New” Donors Different? Comparing the Allocation of Bilateral Aid between nonDAC and DAC Donor Countries,’ World Development 39(11), 1950–1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hubbard, P. (2007) ‘Aiding Transparency: What We Can Learn about China Exim Bank’s Concessional Loans,’ Working Paper 126 (Washington DC: Center for Global Development).Google Scholar
  14. Islam, S. (ed.) (1991) Yen for Development: Japanese Foreign Aid and the Politics of Burden-Sharing (New York: Council on Foreign Relations).Google Scholar
  15. Jerve, A.M. (2007) ‘Asian Models for Aid: Is There a Non-Western Approach to Development Assistance?’ CMI Report 12/2007 (Bergen, Norway: Chr. Michelsen Institute).Google Scholar
  16. Jerve, A.M., Y. Shimomura, and A.S. Hansen (eds.) (2008) Aid Relationships in Asia: Exploring Ownership in Japanese and Nordic Aid (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  17. Johnson, C. (1982) MITI and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925–1975 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
  18. Kappagoda, N. (1995) The Asian Development Bank (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner).Google Scholar
  19. Katada, S. (2005) ‘Toward a Mature Aid Donor: Fifty Years of Japanese ODA and the Challenges Ahead,’ in A. Thernstrom (ed.) Japanese ODA at 50: An Assessment (Washington DC: Asia Program, Woodrow Wilson Center).Google Scholar
  20. Kharas, H., K. Makino, and W. Jung (eds.) (2011) Catalyzing Development: A New Vision for Aid (Washington DC: The Brookings Institution Press).Google Scholar
  21. Kilby, C. (2006) ‘Donor Influence in Multilateral Development Banks: The Case of the Asian Development Bank,’ The Review of International Organizations 1(2), 173–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kim, S. (2011a) ‘Bridging Troubles Worlds? An Analysis of the Ethical Case for South Korean Aid,’ Journal of International Development 23, 802–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kim, E. M., and J. Oh (2012) ‘Determinants of Foreign Aid: The Case of South Korea,’ Journal of East Asian Studies 12(2), 251–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kim, E.M., and P.H. Kim (eds.) (2014a) The South Korean Development Experience: Beyond Aid (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  25. Kitano, N. (2016) ‘Estimating China’s Foreign Aid II: 2014 Update,’ Working Paper 131 (Tokyo: JICA Research Institute).Google Scholar
  26. Kondoh, H. (2013) ‘Korea’s Pathway from Recipient to Donor: How Does Japan Matter?’ in J. Sato and Y. Shimomura (eds.) The Rise of Asian Donors: Japan’s Impact on the Evolution of Emerging Donors (London and New York: Routledge), 133–154.Google Scholar
  27. Kondoh, H., T. Kobayashi, H. Shiga, and J. Sato (2010) ‘Diversity and Transformation of Aid Patterns in Asia’s “Emerging Donors,”’ Working Paper No. 21 (Tokyo: JICA Research Institute).Google Scholar
  28. Kwon, Y. (2006) ‘Korea’s New Role in Development Cooperation and the Overall Strategy of Korean ODA Reform,’ paper presented at seminar on Emerging and Re-Emerging Donors: Challenging the Aid Consensus, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Chr. Michelsen Institute, Oslo, Norway, December.Google Scholar
  29. Lancaster, C. (2007a) Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
  30. Lancaster, C. (2007b) ‘The Chinese Aid System,’ Center for Global Development Essay (Washington DC: Center for Global Development).Google Scholar
  31. Li, X. (2008) ‘China’s Foreign Aid to Africa,’ paper presented at workshop on Managing Foreign Aid Effectively: Lessons for China, International Poverty Reduction Center of China, Beijing, March 27–28.Google Scholar
  32. Lum, T., W.M. Morrison, and B. Vaughn (2008) ‘China’s “Soft Power” in Southeast Asia,’ CRS Report for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service).Google Scholar
  33. Lum, T., H. Fischer, J. Gomez-Granger, and A. Leland (2009) ‘China’s Foreign Aid Activities in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia,’ CRS Report for Congress (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service).Google Scholar
  34. Manning, R. (2006) ‘Will “Emerging Donors” Change the Face of International Cooperation?’ Lecture at the Overseas Development Institute, London, March 9. www.oecd.org/dac/36417541.pdf.
  35. Mawdsley, E. (2012) From Recipients to Donors: Emerging Powers and the Changing Development Landscape (London: Zed Books).Google Scholar
  36. Naím, M. (2007) ‘Rogue Aid,’ Foreign Policy 159, 95–96.Google Scholar
  37. OECD (2006) DAC in Dates: The History of OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  38. OECD (2008a) Special Review on Development Cooperation of the Republic of Korea (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  39. OECD (2012a) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Peer Review of Korea (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  40. Ohno, I. (2010) ‘Japan’s ODA to Vietnam and New Growth Support to Africa: Projecting the East Asian Development Vision into the Global Aid Debate,’ in D. Leheny and K. Warren (eds.) Japanese Aid and the Construction of Global Development (London and New York: Routledge), 77–102.Google Scholar
  41. Orr, R.M. (1990) The Emergence of Japan’s Foreign Aid Power (New York: Columbia University Press).Google Scholar
  42. Rauniyar, G., and R. Kanbur (2010) ‘Inclusive Growth and Inclusive Development: A Review and Synthesis of Asian Development Bank Literature,’ Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 15(4), 455–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Reilly, J. (2012) ‘A Northeast Asian Model of ODA? Comparing Chinese, Japanese and Korean Official Development Assistance,’ in C. Dent and J. Dosch (eds.) The Asia-Pacific, Regionalism, and the Global System (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar), 216–234.Google Scholar
  44. Reilly, J. (2014) ‘The Curious Case of China’s Aid to North Korea,’ Asian Survey 54(6), 1158–1183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Reisen, H. (2007) ‘Is China Actually Helping Improve Debt Sustainability in Africa?’ G-24 Policy Brief No 9 (Washington DC: G-24).Google Scholar
  46. Rix, A. (1993) Japan’s Foreign Aid Challenge: Policy Reform and Aid Leadership (London and New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
  47. Rowlands, D. (2008) Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: A Synthesis Report (Ottawa: International Development Research Center).Google Scholar
  48. Sato, J., H. Shiga, T. Kobayashi, and H. Kondah (2011) ‘“Emerging Donors” from a Recipient Perspective: An Institutional Analysis of Foreign Aid in Cambodia,’ World Development 39(12), 2091–2104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Schoff, J.L. (2014) ‘What Myanmar Means for the U.S.-Japan Alliance,’ Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Working Paper (Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace).Google Scholar
  50. Shimomura, Y. (2016) ‘The Political Economy of Japan’s Aid Policy Trajectory: With Particular Reference to the Changes and Continuity under the ODA Charter,’ in H. Kato, J. Page, and Y. Shimomura (eds.) Japan’s Development Assistance: Foreign Aid and the Post-2015 Agenda (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan), 72–87.Google Scholar
  51. Shimomura, Y., and P. Wang (2013) ‘The Evolution of “Aid, Investment, Trade Synthesis” in China and Japan,’ in J. Sato and Y. Shimomura (eds.) The Rise of Asian Donors: Japan’s Impact on the Evolution of Emerging Donors (London and New York: Routledge), 114–132.Google Scholar
  52. Soderberg, M. (2010) ‘Challenges or Complements for the West: Is There an “Asian” Model of Aid Emerging?’ in J.S. Sorensen (ed.) Challenging the Aid Paradigm: Western Currents and Asian Alternatives (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  53. Stallings, B. (2010) ‘Regional Economic Integration in East Asia: The Role of ODA,’ paper presented at Shanghai Forum, Fudan University, May 28–29.Google Scholar
  54. Stallings, B. (2016) ‘Chinese Foreign Aid to Latin America: Trying to Win Friends and Influence People,’ in M. Myers and C. Wise (eds.) The Political Economy of China-Latin American Relations in the New Millennium: Brave New World (London and New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
  55. Stubbs, R. (2009) ‘What Ever Became of the East Asian Developmental State? The Unfolding Debate,’ Pacific Review 22(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wade, R. (1990) Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  57. Walz, J., and V. Ramachandran (2011) ‘Brave New World: A Literature Review of Emerging Donors and the Changing Nature of Foreign Assistance,’ Working Paper 273 (Washington DC: Center for Global Development).Google Scholar
  58. Wan, M. (1995) ‘Japan and the Asian Development Bank,’ Pacific Affairs 68(4), 509–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Woods, N. (2008) ‘Whose Aid? Whose Influence? China, Emerging Donors and the Silent Revolution in Development Assistance,’ International Affairs 84(6), 1205–1221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Yasutomo, D. (1983) Japan and the Asian Development Bank (New York: Praeger).Google Scholar
  61. Yasutomo, D. (1986) The Manner of Giving: Strategic Aid and Japanese Foreign Policy (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books).Google Scholar
  62. Zhou, H., J. Zhang, and M. Zhang (2015) Foreign Aid in China (Heidelberg: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Stallings
    • 1
  • Eun Mee Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Watson Institute for International and Public AffairsBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of International StudiesEwha Womans UniversitySeoulKorea (Republic of)

Personalised recommendations