Infrared Thermography for Detection of Diabetic Neuropathy and Vascular Disorder

  • B. B. Lahiri
  • S. Bagavathiappan
  • Baldev Raj
  • John PhilipEmail author
Part of the Series in BioEngineering book series (SERBIOENG)


Body temperature is a significant indicator of illness and hence is a useful parameter for clinical diagnosis. Among various techniques available for accurate and reliable measurement of subject temperature, infrared thermography is a relatively new methodology. However, it has become popular because of its noncontact, noninvasive, and real-time temperature measurement capability. During the last few decades, numerous applications of infrared thermography are reported in the field of medical sciences, which are rapidly growing. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder associated with high blood sugar levels over prolonged duration. One in every 11 adult population of the world is affected by diabetes and for every 6 s, one person dies from diabetes-induced complications. Therefore, a worldwide dedicated effort to prevent diabetic complications by early detection is important. Studies so far reveal that infrared thermography is capable of detecting subtle changes in skin temperature distribution in diabetic-at-risk foot and is capable of early detection diabetic-related peripheral neuropathy and vascular disorders. This chapter attempts to highlight the applications of infrared thermography in the early detection of diabetic neuropathy and vascular disorder. The basics of infrared thermography, classification of medical thermography techniques, details of infrared camera, ideal experimental conditions, data analysis, etc. along with typical case studies are discussed in detail.


Diabetic neuropathy Vascular disorder Classification Experimental conditions Data analysis 



The authors wish to thank Dr. A.K. Bhaduri, Director, Metallurgy and Materials Group, IGCAR for his support and encouragement.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. B. Lahiri
    • 1
  • S. Bagavathiappan
    • 1
  • Baldev Raj
    • 2
  • John Philip
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Non-Destructive Evaluation Division, Radiography and Thermography Section, Metallurgy and Materials GroupIndira Gandhi Centre for Atomic ResearchKalpakkamIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Advanced StudiesIndian Institute of Science CampusBangaloreIndia

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