Clarifying Conversations: Understanding Cultural Difference in Philosophical Education

Chapter

Abstract

The goal of this essay is to explain how Wittgenstein’s philosophy may be helpful for understanding and addressing challenges to cross-cultural communication in educational contexts . In particular, the notions of “hinge,” “intellectual distance,” and “grounds” from On Certainty will be helpful for identifying cultural differences . Wittgenstein’s dialogical conception of philosophy in Philosophical Investigations will be helpful for addressing that cultural difference in conversation. While here can be no panacea to address all potential sources of confusion, Wittgenstein’s philosophy has strong resources that are helpful for curbing some of our human tendencies to misunderstand another person.

Keywords

Wittgenstein Certainty Communication Cultural differences Education 

References

  1. Ames, R. T., & Rosemont, H., Jr., (Trans.). (1998). The analects of Confucius: A philosophical translation. New York: Ballantine Books.Google Scholar
  2. Brice, R. G. (2014). Exploring certainty: Wittgenstein and wide fields of thought. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  3. Brodd, J., Little, L., Nystrom, B., Platzner, R., Shek, R., & Stiles, E. (2015). Invitation to world religions (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Carroll, T. D. (2014). Wittgenstein within the philosophy of religion. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cavell, S. (1976). The availability of Wittgenstein’s later philosophy. In Must we mean what we say? New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Clayton, J. (2006). Religions, reasons, and gods: Essays in cross-cultural philosophy of religion. Prepared for publication by A.M. Blackburn & T.D. Carroll. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Coliva, A. (2013). Hinges and certainty. A précis of Moore and Wittgenstein. Scepticism, certainty, and common sense. Philosophia, 41(1), 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coliva, A. (2015). Extended rationality: A hinge epistemology. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Diamond, C. (1995). The realistic spirit: Wittgenstein, philosophy, and the mind. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  10. Moyal-Sharrock, D. (2007). Unraveling Certainty. In D. Moyal-Sharrock & W. H. Brenner (Eds.), Readings of Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.Google Scholar
  11. OED Online. (2015, December). Culture, n. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/45746?rskey=z0lkrj&result=1. Accessed January 15, 2016.
  12. Pritchard, D. (2000). Is ‘God exists’ a ‘hinge proposition’ of religious belief? International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 47(3), 129–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pritchard, D. (2001). Radical scepticism, epistemological externalism, and ‘hinge propositions’. In: D. Salehi (Ed.) Wittgenstein-Jahrbuch 2001/2002. Switzerland: Peter Lang Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Putnam, H. (1990). In: J. Conant, (Ed.), Realism with as human face. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Rhees, R. (2003). In: D. Z. Phillips, (Ed.), Wittgenstein’s On Certainty: There—Like our life. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  16. Taylor, C. (2007). A secular age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Wittgenstein, L. (1972). In On certainty (G. E. M. Anscombe & G. H. von Wright, Eds., G. E. M. Anscombe & G. H. von Wright, Trans.). New York: Harper and Row Publishers (OC).Google Scholar
  18. Wittgenstein, L. (1993). Remarks on Frazer’s Golden Bough. In: J. C. Klagge & A. Nordmann (Eds.), Philosophical occasions, 1912–1951 (pp. 115–155). Indianapolis, IN: Hackett (PO).Google Scholar
  19. Wittgenstein, L. (2003). In: Philosophical investigations (G. E. M. Anscombe & R. Rhees, Eds., G. E. M. Anscombe & R. Rhees, Trans.). New York: The Macmillan Company (PI).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chinese University of Hong KongShenzhenChina

Personalised recommendations