Ricinus communis: An Ecological Engineer and a Biofuel Resource

  • Dhananjay Kumar
  • Poonam
  • Kuldeep Bauddh
  • Jaya Tiwari
  • D. P. Singh
  • Narendra Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Degradation of soil quality due to industrial and agricultural activities has caused worldwide concerns. In order to remediate the soil contamination, several physicochemical techniques like soil washing, soil vapor extraction, solidification, stabilization, vitrification, electrokinetic, etc. had been applied. These modes of remediation may irretrievably affect the soil quality, destroy biodiversity, and render the soil useless for the plant growth. Hence, there is need of suitable, cost-effective, and eco-friendly techniques for remediation of soil without interfering with soil fertility. Phytoremediation being interdisciplinary in nature validated with a series of enthralling scientific research has emerged as a most promising, cost-effective, eco-friendly, and aesthetically acceptable technique for soil restoration. During phytoremediation, whole life span of a plant produces profound effects on the chemical, physical, and biological processes that occur in its instant vicinity. Processes like water and mineral acquisition, senescence, and biomass decay can greatly influence the rhizospheric and subsequently result in land restoration. Further, in the search of a suitable phytoremediator, Ricinus communis has proven its potential as a good phytoremediator for several organic and inorganic toxic chemicals particularly heavy metals and polyaromatic hydrocarbons along with other associated benefits being a medicinal and oil-producing plant. Unlike the other plant, it can grow throughout the year even in drought and saline condition which makes it better than other plants. Being a hyperaccumulator plant for several metals, it can be sustainably used for the reclamation of sodic soil.

Keywords

Bioenergy Heavy metals Phytominer Phytoremediation Ricinus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhananjay Kumar
    • 1
  • Poonam
    • 1
  • Kuldeep Bauddh
    • 2
  • Jaya Tiwari
    • 3
  • D. P. Singh
    • 1
  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental SciencesCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesAsian Institute of Public HealthBhubaneswarIndia

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