Efficiency of Bioenergy Plant in Phytoremediation of Saline and Sodic Soil

  • Priyanka Bharti
  • Bhaskar Singh
  • Kuldeep Bauddh
  • R. K. Dey
  • John KorstadEmail author


Saline and sodic soils are distributed all over the world and are continuously increasing with a rapid rate and hence considered as one of the serious problems of land degradation. Land degradation is directly affecting the agricultural production. Due to limited availability of agricultural land/soil and poor soil physical and chemical characteristics, there is scarcity of food supply for the increasing population. Hence, the sodic and saline soil can be considered as an important land resource and can be utilized for economic development of the country. Several methods have been applied to restore the saline and sodic land. Chemical methods, such as using gypsum cause dissolution of calcium ion by replacing Na+ ion through cation exchange processes. This process works efficiently but is cost intensive and not feasible for farmers as well as natural ecosystems. There is a need of sustainable and cost-effective process/technology that can help in reclamation of saline and sodic soil. In this respect, phytoremediation has emerged as a versatile technology towards the reclamation of degraded land. The purpose of phytoremediation using bioenergy crops is to obtain resources that can sustain the increasing population and simultaneously can be used for oil production. Adopting phytoremediation using energy crops also sequesters carbon, fixes atmospheric nitrogen in the soil, and produces oil and biomass that can be utilized as feedstock for biofuels.


Saline soil Sodic soil Microbial fuel cell Bioenergy crops Phytoremediation 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priyanka Bharti
    • 1
  • Bhaskar Singh
    • 1
  • Kuldeep Bauddh
    • 1
  • R. K. Dey
    • 2
  • John Korstad
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental SciencesCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Applied ChemistryCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Biology and Renewable EnergyOral Roberts UniversityTulsaUSA

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