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Cannabis sativa: A Plant Suitable for Phytoremediation and Bioenergy Production

  • Sanjeev KumarEmail author
  • Ritu SinghEmail author
  • Virendra Kumar
  • Anita Rani
  • Rajeev Jain
Chapter

Abstract

Phytoremediation has been gaining interest as a sustainable approach for management of the sites contaminated with toxic/hazardous substances. Several plants have been reported in the literature that have the potential for simultaneous execution of phytoremediation and production of useful products like biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel, charcoals, fibres, etc. during the process. Among several plant species, the present chapter has been focused on Cannabis sativa L., a multipurpose annual herbaceous plant species which has wide range of application as seed oil, industrial fibre, food, livestock feed, medicine as well as significant place in recreation, religious and spiritual practices. Cannabis sativa L. has the potential to serve as phytoremedial agent for removal of toxic metals from contaminated sites as well as yields high biomass which could be used for production of bioenergy. The energy yield of Cannabis sativa L. for biofuel and biogas production has been reported comparable to most of the energy crops. The present chapter provides an overview of the phytoremediation capacity of Cannabis sativa L. for resolving environmental issues of contaminated soil along with its potential abilities to generate bioenergy to meet energy demand of future generations.

Keywords

Bioenergy Cannabis sativa L. Phytoremediation Biogas Biomethanol Bioethanol Biodiesel 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceCentral University of RajasthanAjmerIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental SciencesCentral University of JharkhandBrambe, RanchiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Botany, Dyal Singh CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Forensic Toxicology Division, Central Forensic Science LaboratoryMinistry of Home Affairs, Government of IndiaGuwahatiIndia

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