Regulation of Xenobiotics in Higher Plants: Signalling and Detoxification

  • Shikha Singh
  • Gausiya Bashri
  • Anita Singh
  • Sheo Mohan PrasadEmail author


Increased anthropogenic activities have aggravated the different chemical pollutants (xenobiotics) in the environment. Xenobiotics are any chemical or other substance that cannot be utilized by plants for their growth and development. Xenobiotics alone and/or in combination can affect the growth and physiology of every organism, which varies species to species. It may also affect the coordinated signalling pathways that alter the gene expression and regulation in higher plants. Therefore, plants have developed the mechanism for the mobilizations of xenobiotics which include three phases, i.e. transformation, conjugation and compartmentation. Further, plants have also evolved various detoxification processes for these xenobiotics. Therefore, in this chapter the different fates of xenobiotics in plant system as well as their signalling and detoxification processes are discussed in detail.


Detoxification Fates Signalling Xenobiotics 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shikha Singh
    • 1
  • Gausiya Bashri
    • 1
  • Anita Singh
    • 1
  • Sheo Mohan Prasad
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Ranjan Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia

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