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Silver Nanoparticle in Agroecosystem: Applicability on Plant and Risk-Benefit Assessment

  • Rima Kumari
  • D. P. SinghEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Engineered nanomaterials are the major components among the broad range of xenobiotic particles. Nowadays scientists have gained higher attention on environmental nanomaterial exposures to elucidate its effects on natural ecosystem. Most of the studies on nanoparticles are concerned with silver nanoparticle, exhibited wide applications in various fields, i.e., in agricultural field, in biotechnology and bioengineering, in textile industries, in wastewater treatment plants, as well as in cosmetic products. Silver nanoparticle plays a significant role in smart and modern agriculture due to its antimicrobial and pesticidal activity. Along with positive aspects, the possible toxic effects of silver nanoparticle on human and other living organism as well as on environment must not be overlooked. Exposure to silver nanoparticle could exhibit an adverse effect on human cells, causing argyria, liver and kidney damage, respiratory problems, eye irritation, heart problem, etc. The interaction of nanosilver particles (AgNPs) to the plant – soil system – may influence the toxicity in ecologically important bacteria soil biota and other living organisms. So detailed risk-benefit assessment is required to predict the environmental effect of nanosized silver particles (AgNPs) in the foreseeable future.

This particular research review highlighted the insight of nanosilver to assess its applicability on agricultural practices and to understand its possible risk impacts. In this chapter, both two issues, i.e., applicability and risk assessment related to the use of nanosilver in modern agriculture, are studied: (i) silver nanoparticle as antimicrobial, antifungal, pesticidal, and nanofertilizer effect on plants and (ii) in water treatment plant and (iii) risk assessment of the vast use of silver nanoparticle and their entry into the environment on biological life.

Keywords

Silver nanoparticle Agriculture Antimicrobial agent Water treatment Biological life 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author Rima Kumari acknowledges Science and Engineering Board (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, for providing DST – Start-Up Young Scientist research grant to the project “Assessing the impact of silver nanoparticles on crop plants V. radiata and Fagopyrum esculentum: morphological, biochemical, genotoxic, and proteomics aspects” (Project F.No. SB/YS/LS-231/2013). We also thank the Head, Department of Environmental Science, BBAU, Lucknow.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia

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