The Risk Associated with the Xenobiotics Released Through Wastewater Reuse

  • Prabhat Kumar SrivastavaEmail author
  • Parul Parihar
  • Rachana Singh
  • Sheo Mohan PrasadEmail author


Irrigation of our crop fields is indispensable to get sufficient crop yield, and increasing trend of reusing wastewater for agricultural practices has provided an answer of water scarcity. The wastewater is recycled and then used for drinking and agricultural practices, but concerns have been raised regarding the quality of water being used. The major concern is the presence of xenobiotics in recycled water that affects the crops’ yield qualitatively as well as quantitatively and in turn affects human beings. Risk factors due to the presence of xenobiotics can have long-term effects on soil, thereby affecting plants and human health. Therefore, assessing the risk and thereafter managing the risk are very necessary.


Xenobiotics Wastewater Pharmaceutical Pesticide Risk 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany, Ranjan Plant Physiology and Biochemistry LaboratoryUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Pt. Ravi Shankar Tripathi Government Degree CollegeSurajpurIndia
  3. 3.Ranjan Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia

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