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A Socio-Cognitive Approach to the Communication of SME Support. An Exploratory Qualitative Study in Turkmenistan

  • Maya Velmuradova
Chapter
Part of the Communication, Culture and Change in Asia book series (CCCA, volume 2)

Abstract

Certain researchers call to reconsider Communication for development and social change as a problem of “Techniques and Society” (McArthur, Jouët, Bardini, Lohento, Kiyindou, Missé). Thus, the models of social integration of innovations are used here to study how the new development assistance modules are accepted and appropriated by their final users in developing countries. There is no need to prove anymore that users’ reception and appropriation of the proposed service is critical to the development programs’ effectiveness, be it in public health, environmental issues, small and medium enterprise (SME) development, or other. We synthesize the Anglo-Saxon and French models and distinguish the common determinant axes for the innovations or novelties reception: before their actual use (acceptance models) and after it (appropriation models). The common base appears to be the mental construction of the sense of use: the user mobilizes his representations “already there” (anchoring in existing representations, Moscovici, Jodelet, LeBlanc) and his imaginary (Flichy, Musso) to assess the associated use benefitscosts, the anticipated-perceived use experience. In the literature, this mental construction process is theorized as the formation of the Perceived Value of Use (PVU) (Jouet, Mallein and Toussaint, Mallein et coll., Toussaint, Boenisch, Assude et al, Nelson, Kim et al.). However, it is necessary to further explore this process. Eager to explore the PVU concept in detail, we conducted a two-phase field qualitative study within the SME support sector (UN Sustainable Development Goals 8.3 and 9.3), in Turkmenistan, Central Asia. Our results suggest that we can model the PVU formation mechanism, and its role in the cognitive appropriation and acceptance of the new support services by the final users. We propose to test the results of our research, within the context of other developing countries and of other sectors.

Keywords

Communication for development and social change Social utility services Social integration of innovations Cognitive appropriation Acceptance Perceived value of use 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks the USAID EDP (US) for technical assistance; the Foundation OSI–Global Supplementary Research Grant Program (US), and Schlumberger (France) for the partial financing via search donations; BGF-MAE Programme (France) and IRSIC-AMU Institute (France) for the technical and financial support. The author also thanks the anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions to improve this paper.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Research in Information and Communication SciencesAix Marseille UniversitéMarseilleFrance

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