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Green Enterprise Innovation

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There is an ancient Chinese fable called “The Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains.” We must persevere and work unceasingly, and we too will touch God’s heart.


  • Wind Turbine
  • Wind Farm
  • Green Development
  • Green Innovation
  • Chinese Enterprise

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-2806-9_7
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  1. 1.

    Mao Zedong: “A Foolish Old Man Who Removed the Mountains” (June 11, 1945), Selected Works of Mao Zedong, page 1102, Beijing, People’s Publishing House, 1991.

  2. 2.

    Speech by the author on the 20th anniversary of Haier Venture Day in December 2004: “National Hero in the Era of Reform and Opening-up”, China News, December 28, 2004.

  3. 3.

    Mao Zedong: Qilv · to Shaoshan Mountain (June 25, 1959).

  4. 4.

    Apart from Beidahuang, the two other black soil lands are the Mississippi Valley in the United States, which covers about 180 million mu, mostly as plains with fertile soil, and the great plains in the Dnieper River in Ukraine; the Ukraine plains were developed by the former Soviet Union and are mostly of temperate continental climate, though some areas have a subtropical climate, and its black soil area is the biggest in the world at nearly 0.3 million mu.

  5. 5.

    The famous writer Nie Gannu once wrote: “Beidahuang is barren, with withered grass and dry reed ponds. Flying in the air are mosquitoes, flies, and cattle rogues; in the water you find snakes, grass frogs, and leeches. There are bears and tigers, jackals and wolves, which rule the plains … winter is the longest season.” This is a true reflection of how Beidahuang originally was. Nie Gannu: Beidahuang Song.

  6. 6.

    The Chinese agricultural miracle refers to China having 12 % of the world’s arable land for grain production and 6.5 % of its water resources being able to support over 20 % of its population. The arable land for grain production refers to the harvested area for grain. Data are from the World Bank: World Development Indicators in 2008, Tables 2.1, 3.2, and 3.5, Chinese version, Beijing, China Financial and Economic Publishing House, 2008.

  7. 7.

    The reader is referred here to the “Brief Introduction to Development and Construction of Beidahuang by Construction Workers” organized and provided by Wang Yang (1947–1977), August 2010.

  8. 8.

    For the first golden era in the development of new China see Hu An-gang Political Economic History of China (1949–1976), chapter IV, Beijing, Tsinghua University Press; first edition, 2007; second edition, 2008.

  9. 9.


  10. 10.

    For more information please refer to the National Main Functional Areas Plan (2010–2020), published by the State Council in 2010. This is the first national land space development planning in over 60 years since the founding of the new China; it is also a major strategic initiative for further implementation of the scientific outlook on development, and it includes the Programme of Action, which is a blueprint for the scientific development of land space.

  11. 11.

    The brand value of the Great Northern Wilderness Group exceeded RMB10 billion in 2009, which ranked it 65th among China’s Most Valuable Brands.

  12. 12.

    In 2010, the ratio of the sales revenues of the Great Northern Wilderness Group and Japan’s Dai Nippon Printing, the last on the Fortune Global 500 was 49 %. The Great Northern Wilderness Group has accelerated its internal integration around five centers (fund operation center, capital management center, operating profit centers, extra-territorial development center, R&D center). It will make external acquisitions and mergers (including overseas agricultural and food investment) and will soon enter the list of Fortune’s Global 500 companies, becoming the world largest agricultural enterprise group.

  13. 13.

    The green food planting area monitored in the reclamation region will amount to 30 million mu by 2015 with an organic agricultural product (export) base area of 3 million mu; these will rise, respectively, to 38 million mu and 5 million mu by 2020. Li Yang et al. “20-Year Development History and Achievements and Prospects for Green Food in the Heilongjiang Reclamation Region,” Farm Economic Management 2010, Issue 5.

  14. 14.

    Tang Dynasty, Wang Wei “on mission to the frontier”.

  15. 15.

    Mao Zedong, Qingpingle, “Liupanshan Mountain,” 1935.

  16. 16.

    Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the International Energy Agency (IEA), said in an interview with Reuters on December 6, 2011 that by 2020, the wind and solar power installed capacity in China would reach 180 million kW—equivalent to the sum of the stored capacity of other countries over the past 40 years. (Reuters: “IEA Says China Clean Energy Continues to Grow”).

  17. 17.

    According to the third quarterly report of the Sinovel Group in 2011, profits in the first three quarters of 2011 amounted to RMB901 million, which marked a year-on-year decrease of 48.51 %.

  18. 18.

    On September 14, 2011, AMSC started criminal and civil proceedings against Sinovel for theft of intellectual property and breach of contract; however, Sinovel filed a counterclaim that AMSC’s argument was seriously inaccurate. Following an agreement with its initial partner, Austria Windtec, Sinovel signed 3 and 5-MW wind turbine development agreements, whereby Sinovel was expressly designated as possessing all intellectual property rights. However, Windtec was later acquired by AMSC, and so AMSC became the partner. Subsequently, there were serious problems with the product quality and the services provided by AMSC, and it was unable to meet the low-voltage ride-through of China’s grid. This resulted in Sinovel’s rejection of AMSC’s product, and Sinovel relied on its own research efforts to has furnish the technology. So Sinovel paid RMB370 million for breach of contract to AMSC.

  19. 19.

    Sinovel bought the production license of the German FUhrlander (Flanders) FL1500 Series turbine, and introduced foreign 1.5-MW technology to produce the first 1.5-MW wind turbine in China. From this basis, Sinovel developed the 1.5-MW series wind turbine, adapting to a variety of wind resources and environmental conditions, and it completed a support industry chain for domestic turbines. Sinovel produced its wind turbine in June 2006, and in this way it was able to achieve large-scale production of domestic megawatt-class wind turbines. At that time, Goldwind, the top wind-power machine manufacturer in China, produced mainly a 750-kW model and a 1.5-MW model until 2007, with large-scale production beginning in 2008.

  20. 20.

    In 2007, the first offshore wind-power demonstration project of China—the 100,000-kW project of Shanghai Donghai Bridge offshore wind farm—planned to install 34 units of 3-MW wind turbines.

  21. 21.

    Flush with capital, Sinovel required that Windtec accept joint development of offshore 3-MW wind turbines, and Sinovel paid particular attention to its own intellectual property rights. “We input the funds and Windtec supplied the talent and worked for us, and we retained the intellectual property rights.” After undertaking the project in December 2007–2008, the first 3-MW offshore wind turbine was completed and successfully installed on March 20, 2009; in February 2010, Sinovel successfully constructed an offshore wind farm with 34 units of 3-MW wind turbines, which passed 240 h of pre-acceptance testing and were electrified on June 8, 2010; thus far, they have operated smoothly.

  22. 22.

    In the process of project practice, Sinovel better understands China marine environment, and in turbine development focuses on the development of anti-corrosion, anti-typhoon, anti-salt spray, low-cost maintenance and other technologies to enhance the technical strength.

  23. 23.

    In December 2008, the first 3-MW offshore wind turbine was completed and successfully installed on March 20, 2009. Sinovel successfully built an offshore wind farm with 34 units of 3-MW wind turbines in February 2010; it passed 240 h of pre-acceptance test and was electrified on June 8, 2010; it has run smoothly so far.

  24. 24.

    Sinovel won 600,000 kW in the first round of national 1 million kW offshore wind-power concession bidding projects in October 2010; it got two offshore projects in Binhai and Sheyang, Jiangsu Province, as well as demonstration projects with 300,000 kW in the Dafeng C4 national intertidal. The company thus became the biggest winner in the first round of offshore wind-power concession bidding.

  25. 25.

    In May 2010, Sinovel produced the first 5-MW wind turbine in China In May 2011, the company successfully developed a 6-MW wind turbine—the largest-capacity wind turbine in China and also advanced at the international level.

  26. 26.

    On October 20, 2011, Sinovel produced its SL1500/82 model which received Class A design certification by Germanischer Lloyd (GL), becoming the first wind-power equipment manufacturer with world authority certification.

  27. 27.

    Mao Zedong, “Snow of Qinyuanchuan.”

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Correspondence to Angang Hu .

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Hu, A. (2017). Green Enterprise Innovation. In: China: Innovative Green Development. Springer, Singapore.

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