• Atefeh AhmadiEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research book series (BRIEFSWELLBEING)


Design of the study is a guideline for the readers to show how the activities of the project are organized. Method of sampling show the scientific procedure was applied to access the final sample of the research. University Technology Malaysia was the location of the study. Socio-demographic factor as independent variable were part A and MASS was part B of the questionnaire. Research procedure systematically presented the consequent process of this study. Data process and analysis in this chapter described the screening part of data analysis.


Design Sampling Research location Procedure Data process 


  1. Bergomi, C., Tschacher, W., & Kupper, Z. (2013). The assessment of mindfulness with self-report measures: Existing scales and open issues. Mindfulness, 4(3), 191–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Black, D. S., Sussman, S., Johnson, C. A., & Milam, J. (2012). Psychometric assessment of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) among Chinese adolescents. Assessment, 19(1), 42–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822–848.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Carlson, L. E., & Brown, K. W. (2005). Validation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in a cancer population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 58, 29–33.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borg, W. (2003). Educational research, an introduction. Boston: Person Education.Google Scholar
  6. Gay, L. R., Mills, G., & Airasian, P. (2006). Educational Research. Competencies for analysis and applications (8th ed.). Pearson.Google Scholar
  7. Grossman, P. (2011). Defining mindfulness by how poorly I think I pay attention during everyday awareness and other intractable problems for psychology’s (re)invention of mindfulness: Comment on Brown et al. (2011). Psychological Assessment, 23 Google Scholar
  8. Grossman, P. (2008). On measuring mindfulness in psychosomatic and psychological research. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64(4), 405–408.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. MacKillop, J., & Anderson, E. J. (2007). Further psychometric validation of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29(4), 289–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Michalak, J., Heidenreich, T., Meibert, P., & Schulte, D. (2008). Mindfulness predicts relapse/recurrence in major depressive disorder following MBCT. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196, 630–633.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Sekaran, U. (2003). Research methods for business. A skill building approach (4th ed.). Wiley.Google Scholar
  12. Thomas, G. (2009). How to do your research project.Google Scholar
  13. Van Dam, N. T., Earleywine, M., & Borders, A. (2010). Measuring mindfulness? An item response theory analysis of the mindful attention awareness scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(7), 805–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran

Personalised recommendations