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Infective and Inflammatory Diseases of Bone

  • Yong-Whee BahkEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Bone infections and inflammations are among the most common and important indications for bone scintigraphy, the sensitivity of which has been firmly established (Duszynski et al. (1975) Early radionuclide diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis. Radiology 117:337–340; Gilday et al. (1975) Diagnosis of osteomyelitis in children by combined blood pool and bone imaging. Radiology 117:331–335). Etiologically, the offending organisms are diverse, and the causes of nonspecific osteitides are obscure except for X- or γ-irradiation in radiation osteitis. For a scintigraphic description, bone infections may be categorized according to the site of initial affliction. Thus, pyogenic infection in the bone marrow is termed osteomyelitis, and infections of the cortex, periosteum, and soft tissues are referred to, respectively, as infective osteitis or abscess, infective periostitis, and soft-tissue abscess. More often than not, the three types of bone infection as well as soft-tissue infection become concurrent if the initial event is not brought under prompt control.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nuclear Medicine and RadiologySun Ae General HospitalSeoulSouth Korea

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