Closed-Loop Production: A Literature Review

  • Jochen SträhleEmail author
  • Franziska Philipsen
Part of the Springer Series in Fashion Business book series (SSFB)


The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the practice of closed-loop production systems (CLPS) is implemented in the fashion industry. This paper offers a critical literature review to present a thorough understanding of the actual status of literature. Subsequently, the paper reveals that CLPS are of great importance. Generally, such systems include different activities that have to be integrated. Critical points are the product acquisition, the recovering process itself and the remarketing to the customer. A lack of reliable data concerning CLPS in the specific case of fashion industry can be identified. Important research fields could be marketing strategies, controlling the acquisition process, evolvement of return technologies and strategies, adaption of recovered products to the mass market, and the development of new technologies concerning recovering processes.


Closed-loop supply chain Fashion supply chain Sustainability Product acquisition Recovery options 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Textiles and DesignReutlingen UniversityReutlingenGermany

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