• Bo LuEmail author
  • Shouyang WangEmail author


A recent competition between container ports and terminals, especially terminal productivity, is rapidly increasing. How to improve the productivity of container ports and terminals is, therefore, a challenge of port management. In order to enhance port competitiveness, fierce efforts for operation efficiency are being made as following directions, the infrastructure reinforcement through berth expansion, the improvement of stevedoring equipment and the increase of equipments, and the intensification of information technology and terminal automation. In a result, each terminal has invested lots of budgets to improve productivity.

Copyright information

© Science Press and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementDalian UniversityShahekou District, DalianChina
  2. 2.School of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesHaidian District, BeijingChina

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