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Conclusions

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Abstract

China has become an economic superpower over the past 20 years and will continue to grow substantially for the foreseeable future. All nations require energy to fuel economic growth. It is increasingly obvious that China needs to find a more sustainable path to power this economic growth.

Keywords

Sustainable Path Economic Superpower Regional Power Systems Energy Systems Modelling Emission Reduction Technologies 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

China has become an economic superpower over the past 20 years and will continue to grow substantially for the foreseeable future. All nations require energy to fuel economic growth. It is increasingly obvious that China needs to find a more sustainable path to power this economic growth.

This publication has attempted to describe the scale and complexity of China’s energy system. We have created and used Sankey diagrams to visualise the energy flows across the economy. We have also looked to visualise and categorise the differences between China’s provinces; China’s provinces extend over a vast geography and are at different stages of economic development, regional planning. Inter-regional optimisation will be essential for planning future infrastructure that will allow China as a whole to optimise and avoid overcapacity and inefficiency.

Consistent with this analysis, we have introduced our energy systems modelling approach and demonstrated its application to the power sector. Our power model can help to optimise the future design of the regional power systems and reveals how different future investment choices emerge as the level of detail is increased, such as regional, seasonal and diurnal demand factors are considered. We have also started to look at options for mitigating carbon and the major role that renewables and natural gas could play as well as carbon pricing. Our waste to energy analysis has demonstrated how energy systems modelling can also contribute and give insights into how policy can be designed to deliver optimal outcomes for China.

Our work will continue to improve the power model, including enhanced representation of emission reduction technologies. Planning a more sustainable future is now critically important for China.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.BP International Ltd.Sunbury-on-ThamesUK

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