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Genetic Mechanisms of ADPKD

  • Do Yeon Kim
  • Jong Hoon ParkEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 933)

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is caused by mutation of PKD1 (polycystic kidney disease-1) or PKD2 (polycystic kidney disease-2). PKD1 and PKD2 encode PC1 (polycystin-1) and PC2 (polycystin-2), respectively. In addition, the mutation of cilia-associated proteins is also a recognized major factor of pathogenesis, since PC1 and PC2 are located in primary cilium. Abnormalities of PC1 or PC2 lead to aberrant signaling through downstream pathways, such as the negative growth regulation, G protein activation, and canonical and non-canonical Wnt pathways. According to the “second hit” model, an additional somatic mutation results in the expansion of cyst growth. In this chapter we discuss the genetic mechanisms and signaling pathways involved in ADPKD.

Keywords

Genetic mechanism PKD Mutation PKD1 PKD2 Polycystin-1 Polycystin-2 Signaling pathways 

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© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular Medicine Laboratory, Department of Life systemsSookmyung Women’s UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Life systemsSookmyung Women’s UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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