Macro- and Micronutrients

  • Dieter Overdieck
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Detailed distribution patterns of nitrogen concentration in the plant body are presented, and the clearly wider C/N ratio at elevated [CO2] is documented by a series of examples. Yearly course of nitrogen concentration shows that, at elevated [CO2], nitrogen concentration is lower in coarse roots but not in fine roots. The “dilution hypothesis” (i.e., that nutrient concentrations in tissues must decrease if more carbon is taken up at elevated [CO2]) is discussed and modified for nitrogen and also for the macronutrients phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. Phosphorus concentration as well as potassium remains stable despite increased biomass and carbohydrate concentrations at e[CO2], whereas concentrations of calcium and, to a lesser extent, magnesium decrease. Iron shows an increase in concentration at elevated [CO2] but manganese does not. Effects of atmospheric [CO2] and temperature on other micronutrient concentrations (copper, zinc, aluminum, and mercury) are discussed with references to other work. All effects of elevated [CO2] on macro- and micronutrients are summarized in a figure.


Nitrogen Carbon/nitrogen ratio Phosphorus Potassium Calcium Magnesium Sulfur Manganese Iron 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Overdieck
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Ecology, Ecology of Woody PlantsTechnical University of BerlinBerlinGermany

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