Tao Yuanming and the Meta-question of Humanity
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Europeans used to consider “man and God” as a meta-question that human beings had to solve, and people in a near-ecological era, however, tend to view “man and nature” as an inevitable meta-question of humanity. In traditional Chinese culture, “Nature and man” means “Heaven and man,” “the interaction between man and Heaven,” or “the oneness of man and Heaven.” Technically, Heaven in this case denotes both Nature and the Chinese version of God. “Nature and man” in the Chinese sense, therefore, seems to be more inclusive and complex than “man and God” in quintessentially Western discourse.