Classification of Four Class Motor Imagery for Brain Computer Interface

  • Eltaf AbdalsalamEmail author
  • Mohd Zuki Yusoff
  • Nidal Kamel
  • Aamir Saeed Malik
  • Dalia MahmoudEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 398)


In this paper, four class motor imagery classification has been studied for brain computer interface. Feature investigations were conducted on the Enobio device, firstly with all 8 channels (F3, F4, T7, C3, C4, Cz, T8 and Pz) and subsequently with 3 selected channels (C4 left hand, C3 right hand, C3 and C4 both hand and Cz both feet) in alpha and beta rhythm in order to establish the active networks. Five volunteers were participated, the volunteers were instructed to perform motor imagery tasks, such as to imagine the opening and closing of the left and right hand, both hands, and both feet movement. Electroencephalogram (EEG) data were collected and offline signals processing were performed. Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) was used for feature extraction, while difference classifications methods such as multilayer perceptron (MLP), RBFNetwork, and K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) were implemented. Best classification of MLP over KNN and RBFNetwork was noticed, whereas the highest accuracy was achieved at sym8 wavelet using DWT based feature extraction. On average over the subjects the selected channel accuracies were in the range of 86.61 %. Whereas for all the channels, accuracies were in range of 78.37 %. The study has shown that the classification accuracy can significantly improve by using specific channels for the EEG classification rather than using all EEG channels a time.


BCI EEG Discrete wavelet transform Multilayer perceptron Radial basis function network K-Nearest Neighbors 



The author would like to thank Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS for funding this research project under Graduate Assistantship Scheme.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Intelligent Signal & Imaging Research, Department of Electrical & Electronic EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASBandar Seri IskandarMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical & Electronic EngineeringAlneelain UniversityKhartoumSudan

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