Synthesis of ZnO Based Nanocatalyst with Palash Flower Powder for Degradation of Phenol

  • Rajani Bharati
  • S. SureshEmail author
Conference paper


The aim of this work to synthesize ZnO/palash flower powder nano catalyst using single pot process and compare their effectiveness for degradation of phenol under identical experimental conditions. FEG-SEM micrograph shows that maximum spot of nano scale identity in their morphology. XRD results shows prepared ZnO nanocatalyst are hexagonal in crystal structure with mean particle size 17.4 nm. FTIR results shows ZnO transmittance band at 449 cm−1. EDAX confirm the presence of Zn and O in sample. Phenol degradation was 62 % at 4 h reaction time, 30 °C reaction temperature and mass loading of catalyst was 1.0 g/L for aqueous solution of phenol. Synthesized nanocatalyst was more economic and ecofriendly.


Phenol Palash flower powder Zno Nano-catalyst Removal Ecofriendly 



The authors would like to thank the Department of Chemical Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT) Bhopal, India, for providing necessary facilities and established the Green Catalysis and Process Technology Research laboratory through Research grant. One of author (Rajani Bharati) would like to special thank the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India for giving financial support to research work.


  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service (1998)Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, L., Klug, H.P.: Determination of crystallite size with the X-ray spectrometer. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 137 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banerjee, P., Satapathy, M., Mukhopahayay, A., Das, P.: Leaf extract mediated green synthesis of Silver nanoparticles from widely available Indian plants: synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial property and toxicity analysis. Bioresources Bioprocess SpringerOpen J. 1–3 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. Dutta, S., Ganguly, B.N.: Characterization of ZnO nanoparticles grown in presence of Folic acid template. Dutta and Ganguly J. Nanotechnol. 10–29 (2012)Google Scholar
  5. Gadekar, G.P., Ghoshal, K.P.: Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Butea Monosperma and their antimicrobial activities. Bionano Frontier ISSN 5(2), 7–11 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. Gayen, R.N., Sarkar, K., Hussain, S., Bhar, R. Pal, A.K.: ZnO films prepared by modified Sol-gel technique. Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 49, 470–477 (2011)Google Scholar
  7. Khan, Z.R., Khan, M.S., Zulfequar, M., Khan, M.S.: Optical and structural properties of ZnO thin films fabricated by Sol-gel method. Materials Sciences and applications 2, 340–345 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kumar, H., Rani, R.: Structural and optical characterization of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by microemulsion route. Int. Lett. Chem., Phys. Astron. 14, 26–36, 2299–3843 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. Labbe, M.C., Shewa, W.A., Lalman, J.A., Shanmugam, S.R.: Photocatalytic degradation of phenol and phenol derivatives using a nano-TiO2 catalyst. Integration quantitative and qualitative factors using response surface methodology. Water 6, 1785–1806 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mitra, P., Mondal, S.: Structural and morphological characterization of ZnO thin films synthesized by SILAR. Prog. Theoret. Appl. Phys. 1, 17–31 (2013)Google Scholar
  11. NIST-National Institute of Standards and Technology, Data from NIST Standard Reference Database 69: NIST Chemistry WebBook (2009)Google Scholar
  12. Rao, C.N.R.: Chemical Applications of Infrared Spectroscopy. Academic press, New York and London (1963)Google Scholar
  13. Ravichandrika, K., Kiranmayi, P., Ravikumar, R.V.S.S.N.: Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles. Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci. 4(4), 0975–1491 (2012)Google Scholar
  14. Varshney, R., Bhadauria, S., Gaur, M.S.: Biogenic synthesis of silver nanocubes and nanorods using sundried stevia rebaudiana leaves. Adv. Mater. Lett. 1(3), 232–237 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Green Catalysis and Process Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical EngineeringMaulana Azad National Institute of TechnologyBhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations