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Neutrality in War

  • Eric Golson
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Economic History book series (SEH)

Abstract

Neutrality has long been seen as impartiality in war and is codified as such in The Hague and Geneva Conventions. This chapter investigates the activities of three neutral states in the Second World War and determines, on a purely economic basis, that these countries actually employed realist principles to ensure their survival. Neutrals maintain their independence by offering economic concessions to the belligerents to make up for their relative military weakness. Despite their different starting places, governments, and threats against them, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland provided similar types of political and economic concessions to the belligerents.

Keywords

Economic warfare Neutrality Second World War Realism Economic concessions 

Archival and Published Primary Sources

  1. United States Congress: Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, Swiss banks and the status of assets of Holocaust survivors or heirs: hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, second session, April 23, 1996 (Washington, 1996)Google Scholar
  2. United States Congress: Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, Swiss banks and attempts to recover assets belonging to the victims of the Holocaust hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session on the inquiry into the assets of Holocaust victims deposited in Swiss banks and the issues surrounding the recovery and restoration of gold and other assets looted by Nazi Germany during World War II, and the acts of restitution which must follow, Thursday, May 15, 1997 (Washington DC, 1997)Google Scholar
  3. National Archives, Kew Gardens, London, UK (NA)Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Editors 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SurreyGuildfordUK
  2. 2.School of Oriental and African StudiesUniversity of LondonLondonUK

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