Heat Exchangers

  • Rajendra KarwaEmail author


Heat exchangers have been classified in various ways. Double pipe, and shell and tube heat exchangers are most widely used. This chapter deals with heat exchanger fundamentals and design of heat exchangers. Heat transfer equation for double pipe heat exchanger has been presented and log mean temperature difference (LMTD) has been defined in Part 1 of the chapter followed by derivations of equations of LMTD for parallel flow and counterflow exchangers. In Sect. 14.1.4, graphs of correction factor for calculation of LMTD for other flow arrangements have been presented. Basic treatment of effectiveness-NTU method for counterflow and parallel flow heat exchangers is given in Sect. 14.1.5. Graphs for determination of effectiveness for other flow arrangements have been given as function of NTU in Sect. 14.1.6. In second part of the chapter, basic considerations for heat exchanger design have been presented followed by defining of fouling factor, and clean and design overall heat transfer coefficients. An illustrative example of double pipe heat exchanger design has been given.


Heat exchanger Parallel flow Counterflow Cross-flow LMTD LMTD correction factor NTU Effectiveness Design of heat exchangers Fouling factor Clean and design overall heat transfer coefficients Controlling film coefficient Double pipe heat exchanger Shell and tube heat exchangers 


  1. Kays WM, London AL (1964) Compact heat exchangers, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Kern DQ (1950) Process heat transfer. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Standards of Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (1999), 8th edn. New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jodhpur Institute of Engineering & TechnologyJodhpurIndia

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