Medicinal Plants Used in the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases in Uganda

  • Esezah Kakudidi
  • Claude Kirimuhuzya
  • Godwin Anywar
  • Esther Katuura
  • Juliet Kiguli
Chapter

Abstract

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are recent and growing health problem in Uganda. The NCDs epidemic is burdening the healthcare systems, which is already under pressure from the high prevalence of communicable diseases. Hypertension is the most common NCD in Uganda; more females than males suffer from NCDs. High blood pressure and heart disease equally affect 5.3 % of the female population, while they affect 2.4 % and 2.6 % males, respectively. Cancers of the prostate and cervix are ranked number one in men and women, respectively. Traditional herbal medicine remains the most utilized form of healthcare. With the emergence of various NCDs, the services of traditional medical practitioners (TMPs) are set to rise. We collated 42 medicinal plants from literature used in the treatment of NCDs, of which 20 (47.6 %) are used in the management of hypertension, an indicator of its prevalence. Seven priority species were also identified for various NCDs by TMPs. The Uganda government realizing the importance of traditional medicine in primary healthcare established the Natural Chemotherapeutic Research Institute to undertake research on medicinal plants used by TMPs with the aim of justifying the therapeutic claims. Research on medicinal plants is still faced with the challenge of funding and collaboration between institutions to harness synergies towards the gradual integration into modern healthcare systems. The Ministry of Health needs to invest in training professional health providers and TMPs and public sensitization using targeted messages on prevention and management of NCDs, as was done for the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Uganda.

Keywords

Medicinal plants Noncommunicable diseases Traditional medical practitioners Uganda 

Abbreviations

ANAMED

Action for natural medicine

BUMETHA

Bushenyi Meditrad Healers’ Association

CDL

Chronic diseases of lifestyle

CDs

Chronic diseases

DOB

Department of Botany

HIV/AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

IPR

Intellectual property rights

ITFC

Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation

IUPAC

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

MS

Mass spectrometry

NACOTHA

National Council for Traditional Healers and Herbalists Association

NAPRECA

Natural Products Research Network for Eastern and Central Africa

NCDs

Noncommunicable diseases

NCRI

Natural Chemotherapeutic Research Institute

NDA

National Drug Authority

NEMA

National Environmental Management Authority

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

SSA

Sub-Saharan Africa

TCM

Traditional and complementary medicine

THETA

Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together Against AIDS

THM

Traditional herbal medicines

TM/CAM

Traditional medical/complementary alternative medicine

TMK

Traditional medicinal knowledge

TMPs

Traditional medical practitioners

UBoS

Uganda Bureau of Standards

UMPG

Uganda Medicinal Plant Growers Ltd.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UNHRO

Uganda National Health Research Organization

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esezah Kakudidi
    • 1
  • Claude Kirimuhuzya
    • 2
  • Godwin Anywar
    • 1
  • Esther Katuura
    • 1
  • Juliet Kiguli
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant Sciences, Microbiology and Biotechnology, College of Natural SciencesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda
  2. 2.Western Campus, Department of PharmacologyKampala International UniversityBushenyiUganda
  3. 3.Department of Community Health & Behavioral Sciences, College of Health SciencesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda

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