Advertisement

Syntactic Development

Chapter
  • 149 Downloads

Abstract

The syntactic development of Indonesian children is slower than native Taiwanese children. Indonesian children do have difficulties in acquiring Mandarin syntax. The results of this study fail to support innatism since children did not pick up the correct language forms in their environment. However, common errors support that some innate constraints may be guiding their syntactic development. The creation of sentences that they had never heard before rejected the possibility of imitation. In addition, feedback on syntactic errors was given by neither Indonesian nor native mothers. Thus, behaviorism cannot explain syntactic development. Interaction plays an important role. Children who have more opportunities to interact with peers seem to develop better. Language acquisition is the result of interaction of innate constraints and input factors.

Keywords

Relative Clause Function Word Sentence Type Spontaneous Speech Taiwanese Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bassano, D., & Mendes-Maillochon, I. (1994). Early grammatical and prosodic marking of utterance modality in French: A longitudinal case study. Journal of Child Language, 21, 649–675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bellugi, U. (1967). The acquisition of negation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
  3. Bever, T. G. (1970). The cognitive basis for linguistics structure. In J. R. Hayes (Ed.), Cognition and the development of language. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Bloom, L., Lahey, J., Hood, Lifter, K., & Fiess, K. (1980). Complex sentences: Acquisition of syntactic connectives and the semantic relations they encode. Journal of Child Language, 7, 235–261.Google Scholar
  5. Bowerman, M. (1990). Mapping thematic roles onto syntactic functions: Are children helped by innate linking rules? Linguistics 28, 1253–1289.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, R. (1973). A first language: The early stages. Cambridge.Google Scholar
  7. Brown, R., & Fraser, C. (1963). The acquisition of syntax. In C. N. Cofer & B. Musgrave (Eds.), Verbal behavior and learning: Problems and processes. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  8. Chang, H. (1984). The comprehension of complex Chinese sentences by children: Relative clauses. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 26, 57–66.Google Scholar
  9. Cheung, H. (2006). The uses of complex sentences in Mandarin-speaking children. NSC report.Google Scholar
  10. de Villiers, P. A., & de Villiers, J. G. (1979). Early language. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. de Villiers, J. G., Reoper, T., & Vainikka, A. (1990). The acquisition of long distance rules. In L. Frazier & J. G. de Villiers (Eds.), Language processing and acquisition. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic.Google Scholar
  12. Elman, J. L. (1990). Finding structure in time. Cognitive Science, 14, 179–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Finch, S., & Chater, N. (1992). Bootstrapping syntactic categories. In Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.Google Scholar
  14. Gleason, J. B., & Ratner, N. B. (2012). The development of language (8th ed.). Cambridge: Pearson.Google Scholar
  15. Gleitman, L. R., & Wanner, E. (1982). Language acquisition: The state of the art. In E. Wanner & L. R. Gleitman (Eds.), Language acquisition: The state of art (pp. 3–48). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hambruger, H., & Crain, S. (1982). Relative acquisition. In S. A. Kuczaj (Ed.), Language development, Vol. 1: Syntax and semantics. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  17. Horgan, D. (1978). The development of the full passive. Journal of Child Language, 5, 65–80.Google Scholar
  18. Hsu, J. (1996). A study of the stages of development and acquisition of Mandarin Chinese by children in Taiwan. Taipei: Crane.Google Scholar
  19. Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1979). A functional approach to child language: A study of determiners and reference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Klima, E., & Bellugi, U. (1966). Syntactic regularities in the speech of children. In J. Lyonsand & R. Wales (Eds.), Psycholinguistic papers. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kuo, J. Y. (2008). Mandarin acquisition by children of Vietnamese Mothers in Taiwan. Taipei: Crane.Google Scholar
  22. Levy, Y. (1988). The nature of early language: Evidence from the development of Hebrew morphology. In Y. Levy, I. Schlesinger, & M. D. S. Braine (Eds.), Categories and processes in language acquisition (pp. 73–98). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  23. Lin, H-Y. (2009). Toward an index of productive syntax in Mandarin. MA thesis. National Chiayi University.Google Scholar
  24. Maratsos, M. (1988). The acquisition of formal word classes. In Y. Levy, I. M. Schlesinger & M. Braine (Eds.), Categories and processes in language acquisition (pp. 31–44). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  25. Mills, A. E. (1986). The acquisition of gender: A study of English and German. Berlin: Spinger-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pérez-Pereira, M. (1991). The acquisition of gender: What Spanish children tell us. Journal of Child Language, 18, 571–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Plunkett, K., & Marchman, V. (1991). U-shaped learning and frequency effects in a multi-layered perception: Implications for child language acquisition. Cognition, 38, 43–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pye, C. (1988). Precocious passives (and antipasives) in Quiche Mayan. Paper presented at the Child Language Research Forum, Stanford, CA.Google Scholar
  29. Radford, A. (1990). Syntactic theory and the acquisition of English syntax. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  30. Scarborough, H. (1989). Index of productive syntax. Applied Psycholinguistics, 11, 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Suzman, S. (1987). Passives and prototypes in Zulu children’s speech. African Studies, 46, 241–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tager-Flusberg, H. (1982). The development of relative clauses in child speech. Child Language Development, 18, 104–111.Google Scholar
  33. Valian, V. (1986). Syntactic categories in the speech of young children. Developmental Psychology, 22, 562–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Valian, V. (1991). Syntactic subject in the early speech of American and Italian children. Cognition, 40, 21–81.Google Scholar
  35. Winzemer, J. A. (1980). A lexical expectation model for children’s comprehension o wh-questions. Paper presented at the Fifth Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development.Google Scholar
  36. Wootten, J., Merkin, S., Hood, L., & Bloom, L. (1979). Wh-questions: Linguistic evidence to explain the sequence of acquisition. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, San Francisco.Google Scholar

Chinese

  1. Cheung, H. 張顯達. (1998) 平均語句長度在中文的應用 Pingjun yuju zhangdu zai zhongwen de yingyong [The application of MLU in Chinese]. Speech-Language-Hearing Association of the Republic of China, 13, 36–48.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Chiayi UniversityChiayiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations