Immigrants or children of immigrants constitute most of the population in Taiwan. The first immigration to Taiwan was in 1621 with mostly soldiers from Mainland China. The second immigrant flush was in 1945 when the communist took over Mainland China. Most of them were government officers and soldiers (Su 2006). Since 1989, the number of new immigrants by marriage increases tremendously in Taiwan. According to Directorate-general of Budget, Accounting, and Statistics, there are 510,930 foreign brides in 2016. Beside the 344,775 (67.48 %) from China, Hong Kong, and Macao, who speak Chinese, there are still 166,155. Most of them were from Southeast Asia, especially Vietnam (18.32 %), Indonesia (5.62 %), and Thailand (1.67 %). On average, one out of eight newborns has a foreign mother whose native language is not Mandarin. These children thus receive limited input in Mandarin. It calls for concern whether this will affect their acquisition of Mandarin or not. Mandarin is the common language for communication and the medium of instruction in Taiwan. Limited proficiency in Mandarin will hinder not only personal relationship but also cognitive development.


Mother Tongue Senior High School Elementary School Teacher Immigrant Country Bilingual Teacher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Chiayi UniversityChiayiTaiwan

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