Skip to main content

Determination and Comparison of the Anisotropic Strengths of Fused Deposition Modeling P400 ABS

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Advances in 3D Printing & Additive Manufacturing Technologies

Abstract

Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is an additive layered manufacturing technique used to build prototypes and functional products out of thermoplastic materials. The properties of the FDM parts are affected by many factors like geometry of the material bead, process conditions, and orientation of the part and layers etc. The present study focuses on the effect of build direction on the mechanical properties of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) P400 part specimens. Tensile, compressive, Izod impact, and hardness tests were performed on specimens built in the horizontal and vertical orientations with an intention to find the build direction that gives maximum strength in a particular working condition. Fractured specimens were then analyzed under the Jeol JSM 5600 Scanning Electron Microscope to study the impact failure pattern . The findings of this research can further be used to formulate product design rules for optimizing mechanical strength in layered manufacturing.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Pham DT, Demov SS (2001) Rapid manufacturing: the technologies and applications of rapid prototyping and rapid tooling. Springer-Verlag London Limited

    Google Scholar 

  2. Kai CC, Fai LK (2000) Rapid prototyping: principles and applications in manufacturing. World Scientific

    Google Scholar 

  3. Tagore GRN, Anjikar SD, Venu Gopal A (2007) Multi objective optimisation of build orientation for rapid prototyping with fused deposition modeling (FDM). In: Seventeenth Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF) Symposium, Austin, pp 246–255

    Google Scholar 

  4. Wright PK (2001) 21st century manufacturing. Prentice Hall

    Google Scholar 

  5. Ahn SH, Montero M, Odell D, Roundy S, Wright PK (2002) Anisotropic material properties of fused deposition modeling ABS. Rapid Prototyping J 8(4):248–257

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Sun Q, Rizvi GM, Bellehumeur CT, Gu P (2008). Effect of processing conditions on the bonding quality of FDM polymer filaments. Rapid Prototyping J 14(2):72–80

    Google Scholar 

  7. Swanson WJ, Turley PW, Leavitt PJ, Karwoski PJ, LaBossiere E, Skubic RL (2004) High temperature modeling apparatus. United States Patent. US 6,722,872 B1”

    Google Scholar 

  8. Novakova-Marcincinova L, Novak-Marcincin J (2012) Testing of materials for rapid prototyping fused deposition modelling technology. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 70(73)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Sood Anoop Kumar, Ohdar RK, Mahapatra SS (2010) Parametric appraisal of mechanical property of fused deposition modeling parts. Mater Des 31:287–295

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Lee BH, Abdullah J, Khan ZA (2005) Optimization of rapid prototyping parameters for production of flexible ABS object. J Mater Process Technol 169:54–61

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hossain MS, Ramos J, Espalin D, Perez M, Wicker R (2013) Improving tensile mechanical properties of FDM-manufactured specimens via modifying build parameters. In: International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, pp 380–392

    Google Scholar 

  12. Fatimatuzahraa AW, Farahaina B, Yusoff WAY (2011) The effect of employing different raster orientations on the mechanical properties and microstructure of fused deposition modeling parts. In: IEEE symposium on business, engineering and industrial applications, pp 22–27

    Google Scholar 

  13. Anitha R, Arunachalam S, Radhakrishnan P (2001) Critical parameters influencing the quality of prototypes in fused deposition modelling. J Mater Process Technol 118:385–388

    Google Scholar 

  14. Reddy BV, Reddy NV, Ghosh A (2007) Fused deposition modelling using direct extrusion. Virtual Phys Prototyping 2:51–60

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Es-Said OS, Foyos J, Noorani R, Mandelson M, Marloth R, Pregger BA (2000) Effect of layer orientation on mechanical properties of rapid prototyped samples. Mater Manuf Process 15(1):107–122

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Thrimurthulu K, Pandey PM, Reddy NV (2004) Optimum part deposition orientation in fused deposition modelling. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 44:585–594

    Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  17. Waghchore RK (2012) Determination of build orientation of rapid prototyping (RP) components for optimum builds time. Int J Adv Technol Eng Res 2(2):27–31

    Google Scholar 

  18. Masood SH, Rattanawong W, Iovenitti P (2003) A generic algorithm for part orientation system for complex parts in rapid prototyping. J Mater Process Technol 139(1–3):110–116

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Byun H-S, Lee KH (2006) Determination of the optimal build direction for different rapid prototyping processes using multi-criterion decision making. Robotics Comput-Integr Manuf Elsevier 22:69–80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Lee CS, Kim SG, Kim HJ, Ahn SH (2007) Measurement of anisotropic compressive strength of rapid prototyping parts. J Mater Process Technol 187–188:627

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Agnes B, Volker S (2011) Mechanical properties of fused deposition modelling parts manufactured with ULTEM*9085. ANTEC 2011, Boston

    Google Scholar 

  22. Anna B, Guceri S (2003) Mechanical characterization of parts fabricated using fused deposition modelling. Rapid Prototyping J 9(4):252–264

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Agarwala MK, Jamalabad VR, Langrana NA, Safari A, Whalen PJ, Danforth SC (1996) Structural quality of parts processed by fused deposition. Rapid Prototyping J 2(4):4–19

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. ASM (1988) Engineered materials handbook, engineering plastic, ASM international, vol 2

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kshitiz Upadhyay .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Singapore

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Upadhyay, K., Dwivedi, R., Singh, A.K. (2017). Determination and Comparison of the Anisotropic Strengths of Fused Deposition Modeling P400 ABS. In: Wimpenny, D., Pandey, P., Kumar, L. (eds) Advances in 3D Printing & Additive Manufacturing Technologies. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0812-2_2

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0812-2_2

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-10-0811-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-10-0812-2

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics