Application of Nanotechnology in Imaging and Diagnostics
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The technological evolution and the knowledge gained to provide useful tools to the scientific community to develop molecular tools for toxic substance detection in everyday life and accurate determination of biomolecules (e.g., proteins) that can lead to diseases. Diagnosis at the molecular level was introduced to the clinical application to investigate diseases and to monitor their progress. The term nanotechnology on a chip refers to the application of molecular diagnosis in a variety of methods. The most accurate approaches that have been introduced to diagnostics and imaging are nanochips and nanoarrays. These approaches are sensitive and have greater speed that already exist in clinical applications. The term theranostics refers to the integration of the diagnosis/imaging and therapy approached. Nanotheranostics combine the simultaneous noninvasive diagnosis and treatment of diseases with the exciting possibility to monitor in real time drug release from the nanocarrier and distribution, thus predicting and validating the effectiveness of the therapy. Due to these features, nanotheranostics are extremely attractive for optimizing treatment outcomes in cancer and cardiovascular and other severe diseases.
KeywordsDiagnostics Imaging Nanotheranostics Biosensors Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) Nanobiotechnology
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