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Muga Silk- The Golden Thread of Assam

  • Diganta GoswamiEmail author
  • Bipul Rabha
  • Vijay Veer
Chapter

Abstract

Sericulture or rearing of silk moths for production of silk is an ancient practice. Natural silk fabric is considered as a prized possession for fashion lovers. Specially in India natural silk enjoys a very high position in traditional culture. There are different types of silk broadly divided into two categories: mulberry and non-mulberry or Vanya silk. Among these natural golden-coloured silks, Muga is one of the most beautiful and costliest silk. Distribution of this unique natural beauty is confined to narrow geographical region of Assam and few areas of other northeastern states. Muga culture in Assam is an ancient art having its roots penetrated deep into the culture and society of Assamese people. Rearing of Muga silkworm is a complicated and labour-intensive process as it completes its life cycle both indoor and outdoor, i.e. semi-domestic in nature. Limited geographical and ecological distribution, complicated culture practice, changes in climate, pollution and shifting of traditional rearer to other professions push Muga culture into an uncertain future. However, constant encouragement from government agencies and high market demand show much improvement in Muga production of late. Sincere effort from scientific communities is needed to address the problems in Muga rearing and make it a profitable venture.

Keywords

Muga silk Antheraea assamensis Silk worm Assam 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors are grateful to the editor of the book, publisher and all members of Medical Entomology Division, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Entomology DivisionDefence Research LaboratoryTezpurIndia

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