Earthquake Activity in West Asia: Seismicity in the Mediterranean Sea and Evaluation of the Strong Motion for the AD 365 Crete Earthquake Using the Stochastic Green’s Function
The West Asian region is an active area of crustal deformation where many historically huge earthquakes have occurred and crustal movement has continued up to the present. The severe Crete earthquake of the fourth century produced a huge tsunami that caused heavy damage throughout the Mediterranean region. This paper attempts to reproduce the ground motions of the 365 Crete earthquake by using stochastic Green’s function method with realistic phases information from observed waveforms of 2013 Crete Island earthquake (Mw 6.4) and its aftershock.
KeywordsClay Syria Turkey Straw Holocene
The authors acknowledge the kind help during their reconnaissance given by Professor Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos, Institute of Geodynamics National Observatory of Athens, who provided the authors with important shear velocity structures in the Aegean area. The authors are indebted to Professor Eleftheria Papadimitriou and Associate Professor Vassilis Karakostas, Aristotele University of Thessaloniki, who provided the authors with important waveform data obtained from Crete Island.
The authors were provided with important information and constructive comments for the stochastic Green’s function method by Mr. Yasuhiro Fukushima, Eight-Japan Engineering Consultants Inc.
- Ambraseys, N.N., C.P. Melville, and R.D. Adams. 1994. The seismicity of Egypt, Arabia and the Red Sea. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Fischer, K.D. 2007. Modelling the 365 AD Crete earthquake and its tsunami. Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, 09458.Google Scholar
- Flemming, N. C. 1978. Holocene eustatic changes and coastal tectonics in the northeast Mediterranean: Implications for models of crustal consumption. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society London, Series A 289 (1362): 405–458 + Appendix I.Google Scholar
- Hori, T., and Y. Kaneda. 2013. Giant earthquakes and tsunamis in the world: Mediterranean Sea. Report of CCEP 89.Google Scholar
- Murotani, S., K. Satake, and Y. Fujii. 2013. Scaling relations of seismic moment, rupture area, average slip, and asperity size for M ~ 9 subduction-zone earthquakes. Geophysical Reserarch Letters 40(19): 5070–5074.Google Scholar
- Okada, Y. 1992. Internal deformation due to shear and tensile faults in a half-space. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 82: 1018–1040.Google Scholar
- Papazachos, B.C., D.M. Mountrakis, C.B. Papazachos, M.D. Tranos, G.F. Karakaisis, and A.S. Savvaidis. 2001. The faults that caused the known strong earthquakes in Greece and surrounding areas during 5th century B.C. up to present. In Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismic, 28–30 September 2001, Thessaloniki 1, 17–26Google Scholar
- Pirazzoli, P.A. 1986. The early Byzantine tectonic paroxysm. Z. Geomorph. N.F., Suppl.-Bd 62: 31–49.Google Scholar
- Sieberg, A. 1932. Isoseismal contours crete ad 365 crete earthquake intensity isoseismal contours crete, Untersuchungen uber Erdbeben und Bruchschollenbau im Oestlichen Mittelmeergebiet, Jena: [s.n.], BA49737430.Google Scholar
- Stiros, S.C. 1996. Late holocene relative sea level changes in SW Crete: Evidence of an unusual earthquake cycle. Annali di Geofisica 39(3): 677–687.Google Scholar
- Stiros, S.C. 2010. The 8.5+ magnitude, AD365 earthquake in Crete: Coastal uplift, topography changes, archaeological and historical signature. Quaternary International 216: 54–63.Google Scholar
- Thommeret, Y., J. Thommeret, P.A. Pirazzoli, L.F. Montaggioni, and J. Laborel. 1981. Nouvelles donnees sur les rivages souleves de I’Holocene dans l’ouest de la Crete. Oceanis 7(4): 473–480.Google Scholar
- Wyss, M., and M. Baer. 1981. Earthquake hazard in the Hellenic Arc. Maurice Ewing Series 4: 153–172.Google Scholar