Advertisement

Effect of Different Pressing Times on Mechanical and Physical Properties of Phenol Formaldehyde Particleboard Made from Oil Palm Trunk

  • Ermadasila MohamadEmail author
  • Jamaludin Kasim
Conference paper

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the physical and mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde particleboard made from oil palm trunk (OPT) at different pressing times. Three different pressing times were used in this study. The pressing times used in this research were 6, 8, and 10 min. The particle size used in this study was 2 mm and phenol formaldehyde (PF) was used as the binder. Particleboard with 10 min pressing time gave the highest mechanical (modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), and internal bonding (IB)) and physical properties (thickness swelling (TS) and water absorbtion (WA)). By increasing the pressing time, the properties were significantly increased. The above physical and mechanical properties were evaluated based on BS EN 310, 317, and 3261-1 standards.

Keywords

Modulus of rupture Modulus of elasticity Internal bonding Water absorbtion Thickness swelling 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We would like to acknowledge Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam and Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang for the support and assistance for this study.

References

  1. Alireza A, Amir N (2008) Effect of press cycle and resin content on physical and mechanical properties of particleboard panels made from the underutilized low-quality raw materials. Ind Crops and Prod 28:225–230Google Scholar
  2. BS EN 310 & 319 (1993) Test for bending and modulus of elasticity, and internal bond. British Standard Institution, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. BS EN 317 (1993) Dimensional stability test. British Standard Institution, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. BS EN 3261-1 (1994) Wood base panels. Sampling, cutting and inspection. Part 1. Sampling and expression of results. British Standards Institution, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Chew LT (1979) Particleboards–Uses and Applications. Forest Research Institute Malaysia Kepong. Timber Digest No. 7.3Google Scholar
  6. Hashim R, Saari NH, Sulaiman O, Sugimoto T, Hiziroglu S, Sato M, Tanaka R (2010) Effect of particle geometry on the properties of binder less particleboard manufacture from oil palm trunk. J Mater Des 4251–4257Google Scholar
  7. Kasim J, Mahmud Z, Ahmad N, Tamiran SNA, Shahriman N, Razak NA (2010) Properties of phenol formaldehyde particleboard from oil palm trunk particles. Paper Presented at the XXI IUFRO conference in Seoul, South KoreaGoogle Scholar
  8. Kamaruddin H, Mohamad HD, Arifin D, Jalani S (1997) An estimated availability of oil palm biomass in Malaysia: No. 37, Occasional Paper, PORIMGoogle Scholar
  9. Malaysia Oil Palm Statistic (2010) Malaysia Palm Oil BoardGoogle Scholar
  10. Moslemi AA (1974) Particleboard Volume 1: Materials. Southern Illionis University Press, USA, pp 785–863Google Scholar
  11. Pizzi A (1994) Advanced wood adhesives technology. Marcel Dekker Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Teoh CH (2002) The palm oil industry in Malaysia. From Seed to Frying Pan, WWF SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  13. Xu W, Suchsland O (1999) Within-panel variability and selected property relationships of particleboard from single- and mixed-species processes. Forest Prod J 49: 36–40Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Applied ScienceUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied SciencesUniversiti Teknologi MARAJengkaMalaysia

Personalised recommendations