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Infectious Diseases and Livelihoods

  • Fingani Annie Mphande
Chapter

Abstract

Agriculture has been the most common form of livelihood for rural communities in developing countries for centuries. Apart from providing a livelihood , rural communities find food and nutrients necessary for their survival and well-being from their farms. Agriculture also brings risks to health through infectious diseases. Poor health leads to reduction in productivity , where individuals are not able to carry out their livelihoods due to ill health . This could lead to reduction in income through excess expenditure on treatments, thereby inhibiting economic development of the affected communities. Infectious diseases have both direct and indirect impact on livelihoods . The direct impact includes poor health and loss of lives, which leads to partial and complete loss of livelihoods. Indirectly, infectious diseases lead to loss of income through poor performance of livelihoods as well as diversion of resources that could have been used to improve livelihood to seek medical treatment . Due to the effects of disease, individuals become marginalized, socially affecting their businesses and ways of earning a livelihood.

Keywords

Infectious diseases Rural livelihood Quarantine Poverty Social welfare Haemorrhagic fever Economic hardship Measles Outbreak response immunization (ORI) HIV/AIDS HIV prevalence Ebola Antibiotic resistant bacteria Cholera 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Independent ConsultantMihama-ku, Chiba-shiJapan

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